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Bereishis/Genesis  47:28 - 50:26

Chapter 47

28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; and the days of Jacob — the years of his life — were one hundred and forty-seven years.  29 The time approached for Israel to die, so he called for his son, for Joseph, and said to him, "Please — if I have found favor in your eyes, please place your hand under my thigh and do kindness and truth with me — please do not bury me in Egypt.  30 For I will lie down with my fathers and you shall transport me out of Egypt and bury me in their tomb." He said, "I personally will do as you have said."

31 He replied, "Swear to me," and he swore to him; then Israel prostrated himself towards the head of the bed.

Chapter 48

1 And it came to pass after these things that someone said to Joseph, "Behold! — your father is ill." So he took his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim, with him.

2 Jacob was told, "Behold! — your son Joseph has come to you." So Israel exerted himself and sat up on the bed.

3 Jacob said to Joseph, "El Shaddai had appeared to me in Luz in the land of Canaan and He blessed me.  4 He said to me, 'Behold — I will make you fruitful and numerous; I will make you a congregation of nations, and I will give this land to your offspring after you as an eternal possession.'  5 And now, your two sons who were born to you in Egypt before my coming to you in Egypt shall be mine; Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine like Reuben and Simeon.  6 But progeny born to you after them shall be yours; they will be included under the name of their brothers with regard to their inheritance.  7 But as for me — when I came from Paddan, Rachel died on me in the land of Canaan on the road, while there was still a stretch of land to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the road to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem."

8 Then Israel saw Joseph's sons and he said, "Who are these?"

9 And Joseph said to his father, "They are my sons whom God has given me here." He said, "Bring them to me, if you please, and I will bless them."

10 Now Israel's eyes were heavy with age, he could not see; so he brought them near him and he kissed them and hugged them.  11 Israel said to Joseph, "I dared not accept the thought that I would see your face, and here God has shown me even your offspring!"

12 Joseph then removed them from his knees and he prostrated himself with his face toward the ground.

13 Joseph took the two of them — Ephraim with his right [hand], to Israel's left, and Manasseh with his left, to Israel's right — and he drew close to him.  14 But Israel extended his right hand and laid it on Ephraim's head though he was the younger and his left hand on Manasseh's head. He maneuvered his hands, for Manasseh was the firstborn.  15 He blessed Joseph and he said, "O God before Whom my forefathers Abraham and Isaac walked — God Who shepherds me from my inception until this day.  16 May the angel who redeems me from all evil bless the lads, and may my name be declared upon them, and the names of my forefathers Abraham and Isaac, and may they proliferate abundantly like fish within the land."

17 Joseph saw that his father was placing his right hand on Ephraim's head and it displeased him; so he supported his father's hand to remove it from upon Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head.  18 And Joseph said to his father, "Not so, Father, for this is the firstborn; place your right hand on his head."

19 But his father refused, saying, "I know, my son, I know; he too will become a people, and he too will become great; yet his younger brother shall become greater than he, and his offspring['s fame] will fill the nations."  20 So he blessed them that day, saying, "By you shall Israel bless saying, 'May God make you like Ephraim and like Manasseh' " — and he put Ephraim before Manasseh.

21 Then Israel said to Joseph, "Behold! — I am about to die; God will be with you and will bring you back to the land of your fathers.  22 And as for me, I have given you Shechem — one portion more than your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Emorite with my sword and with my bow."

Chapter 49

1 Then Jacob called for his sons and said, "Assemble yourselves and I will tell you what will befall you in the End of Days.  2 Gather yourselves and listen, O sons of Jacob, and listen to Israel your father.

3 "Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength and my initial vigor, foremost in rank and fore most in power.  4 Water-like impetuosity — you cannot be foremost, because you mounted your father's bed; then you desecrated Him Who ascended my couch.

5 "Simeon and Levi are comrades, their weaponry is a stolen craft.  6 Into their conspiracy, may my soul not enter! With their congregation, do not join, O my honor! For in their rage they murdered people and at their whim they maimed an ox.  7 Accursed is their rage for it is intense, and their wrath for it is harsh; I will separate them within Jacob, and I will disperse them in Israel.

8 "Judah — you, your brothers shall acknowledge; your hand will be at your enemies' nape; your father's sons will prostrate themselves to you.  9 A lion cub is Judah; from the prey, my son, you elevated yourself. He crouches, lies down like a lion, and like an awesome lion, who dares rouse him?  10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah nor a scholar from among his descendants until Shiloh arrives and his will be an assemblage of nations.  11 He will tie his donkey to the vine; to the vine branch his donkey's foal; he will launder his garments in wine and his robe in the blood of grapes.  12 Red eyed from wine, and white toothed from milk.

13 "Zebulun shall settle by seashores. He shall be at the ship's harbor, and his last border will reach Zidon.

14 "Issachar is a strong-boned donkey; he rests between the boundaries.  15 He saw tranquility that it was good, and the land that it was pleasant, yet he bent his shoulder to bear and he became an indentured laborer.

16 "Dan will avenge his people, the tribes of Israel will be united as one.  17 Dan will be a serpent on the highway, a viper by the path, that bites a horse's heels so its rider falls backward.  18 For Your salvation do I long, O Hashem.

19 "Gad will recruit a regiment and it will retreat on its heel.

20 "From Asher — his bread will have richness, and he will provide kingly delicacies.

21 "Naphtali is a hind let loose who delivers beautiful sayings.

22 "A charming son is Joseph, a charming son to the eye; each of the girls climbed heights to gaze.  23 They embittered him and became antagonists; the arrow-tongued men hated him.  24 But his bow was firmly emplaced and his arms were gilded, from the hands of the Mighty Power of Jacob — from there, he shepherded the stone of Israel.  25 [That was] from the God of your father and He will help you, and with Shaddai — and He will bless you [with] blessings of heaven from above, blessings of the deep crouching below, blessings of the bosom and womb.  26 The blessings of your father surpassed the blessings of my parents to the endless bounds of the world's hills. Let them be upon Joseph's head and upon the head of the exile from his brothers.

27 "Benjamin is a predatory wolf; in the morning he will devour prey and in the evening he will distribute spoils."

28 All these are the tribes of Israel — twelve — and this is what their father spoke to them and he blessed them; he blessed each according to his appropriate blessing.

29 Then he instructed them; and he said to them, "I shall be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite.  30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which faces Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as a burial estate.  31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebecca his wife; and there I buried Leah.  32 Purchase of the field and the cave within it was from the sons of Heth."

33 When Jacob finished instructing his sons, he drew his feet onto the bed; he expired and was gathered to his people.

Chapter 50

1 Then Joseph fell upon his father's face; he wept over him and kissed him.  2 Joseph ordered his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father; so the physicians embalmed Israel.

3 His forty-day term was completed, for such is the term of the embalmed; and Egypt bewailed him for seventy days.  4 When his bewailing period passed, Joseph spoke to Pharaoh's household, saying, "If you please — if I have found favor in your eyes, speak now in the ears of Pharaoh, saying.  5 My father had adjured me, saying, 'Behold, I am about to die; in my grave, which I have hewn for myself in the land of Canaan — there you are to bury me.' Now, I will go up if you please, and bury my father; then I will return."

6 And Pharaoh said, "Go up and bury your father as he adjured you."

7 So Joseph went up to bury his father, and with him went up all of Pharaoh's servants, the elders of his household, and all the elders of the land of Egypt.  8 and all of Jacob's household — his brothers, and his father's household; only their young children, their flocks, and their cattle did they leave in the region of Goshen.  9 And he brought up with him both chariots and horsemen; and the camp was very imposing.  10 They came to Goren HaAtad, which is across the Jordan, and there they held a very great and imposing eulogy; and he ordained a seven-day mourning period for his father.  11 When the Canaanite inhabitants of the land saw the mourning in Goren HaAtad, they said, "This is a grievous mourning for Egypt." Therefore, it was named Avel Mizraim, which is across the Jordan.

12 His sons did for him exactly as he had instructed them.  13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and they buried him in the cave of the Machpelah field, the field that Abraham had bought as a burial estate from Ephron the Hittite, facing Mamre.  14 Joseph returned to Egypt — he and his brothers, and all who had gone up with him to bury his father — after he buried his father.

15 Joseph's brothers perceived that their father was dead, and they said, "Perhaps Joseph will nurse hatred against us and then he will surely repay us all the evil that we did him."  16 So they instructed that Joseph be told, "Your father gave orders before his death, saying.  17 'Thus shall you say to Joseph - "O please, kindly forgive the spiteful deed of your brothers and their sin for they have done you evil" '; so now, please forgive the spiteful deed of the servants of your father's God." And Joseph wept when they spoke to him.

18 His brothers themselves also went and flung themselves before him and said, "We are ready to be your slaves."

19 But Joseph said to them, "Fear not, for am I instead of God?  20 Although you intended me harm, God intended it for good - in order to accomplish — it is as clear as this day — that a vast people be kept alive.  21 So now, fear not — I will sustain you and your young ones." Thus he comforted them and spoke to their heart.

22 Joseph dwelt in Egypt — he and his father's household — and Joseph lived one hundred and ten years.  23 Joseph saw three generations through Ephraim; even the sons of Machir son of Manasseh were raised on Joseph's knees.

24 Joseph said to his brothers, "I am about to die, but God will surely remember you and bring you up out of this land to the land that He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob."

25 Then Joseph adjured the children of Israel saying, "When God will indeed remember you, then you must bring my bones up out of here."

26 Joseph died at the age of one hundred and ten years; they embalmed him and he was placed in a coffin in Egypt.


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