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Shemos/Exodus  1:1 - 6:1

Chapter 1

1 And these are the names of the Children of Israel who were coming to Egypt; with Jacob, each man and his household came.  2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah;  3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin;  4 Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.  5 And all the persons who emerged from Jacob's loins were seventy souls, and Joseph was in Egypt.  6 Joseph died, and all his brothers and that entire generation.  7 The Children of Israel were fruitful, teemed, increased, and became strong — very, very much so; and the land became filled with them.

8 A new king arose over Egypt, who did not know of Joseph.  9 He said to his people, "Behold! the people, the Children of Israel are more numerous and stronger than we.  10 Come, let us outsmart it lest it become numerous and it may be that if a war will occur, it, too, may join our enemies, and wage war against us and go up from the land."

11 So they appointed taskmasters over it in order to afflict it with their burdens; it built storage cities for Pharaoh, Pithom and Raamses.  12 But as much as they would afflict it, so it would increase and so it would spread out; and they became disgusted because of the Children of Israel.  13 The Egyptians enslaved the Children of Israel with crushing harshness.  14 They embittered their lives with hard work, with mortar and with bricks, and with every labor of the field; all their labors that they performed with them were with crushing harshness.

15 The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the first was Shifrah and the name of the second was Puah;  16 and he said, 'When you deliver the Hebrew women, and you see them on the birthstool; if it is a son, you are to kill him, and if it is a daughter, she shall live."  17 But the midwives feared God and they did not do as the king of Egypt spoke to them, and they caused the boys to live.

18 The king of Egypt summoned the midwives and said to them, "Why have you done this thing, that you have caused the boys to live!"

19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are unlike the Egyptian women, for they are experts; before the midwife comes to them, they have given birth."

20 God benefited the midwives — and the people increased and became very strong.  21 And it was because the midwives feared God that He made them houses.

22 Pharaoh commanded his entire people, saying, "Every son that will be born — into the River shall you throw him! And every daughter shall you keep alive!"

Chapter 2

1 Aman went from the house of Levi and he took a daughter of Levi.  2 The woman conceived and gave birth to a son. She saw that he was good and she hid him for three months.  3 She could not hide him any longer, so she took for him a wicker basket and smeared it with clay and pitch; she placed the child into it and placed it among the reeds at the bank of the River.  4 His sister stationed herself at a distance to know what would be done with him.

5 Pharaoh's daughter went down to bathe by the River and her maidens walked along the River. She saw the basket among the reeds and she sent her maidservant and she took it.  6 She opened it and saw him, the child, and behold! a youth was crying. She took pity on him and said, "This is one of the Hebrew boys."

7 His sister said to Pharaoh's daughter, "Shall I go and summon for you a wet nurse from the Hebrew women, who will nurse the boy for you?"

8 The daughter of Pharaoh said, "Go." The girl went and summoned the boy's mother.  9 Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take this boy and nurse him for me, and I will give your pay." So the woman took the boy and nursed him.  10 The boy grew up and she brought him to the daughter of Pharaoh and he was a son to her. She called his name Moses, as she said, "For I drew him from the water."

11 It happened in those days that Moses grew up and went out to his brethren and observed their burdens; and he saw an Egyptian man striking a Hebrew man, of his brethren.  12 He turned this way and that and saw that there was no man, so he struck down the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.

13 He went out the next day and behold! two Hebrew men were fighting. He said to the wicked one, "Why would you strike your fellow?"  14 He replied, "Who appointed you as a dignitary, a ruler, and a judge over us? Do you propose to murder me, as you murdered the Egyptian?" Moses was frightened and he thought, "Indeed, the matter is known!"  15 Pharaoh heard about this matter and sought to kill Moses; so Moses fled from before Pharaoh and settled in the land of Midian. He sat by a well.

16 The minister of Midian had seven daughters; they came and drew water and filled the troughs to water their father's sheep.  17 The shepherds came and drove them away. Moses got up and saved them and watered their sheep.  18 They came to Reuel their father. He said, "How could you come so quickly today?"  19 They replied, "An Egyptian man saved us from the shepherds, and he even drew water for us and watered the sheep."  20 He said to his daughters, "Then where is he? Why did you leave the man? Summon him and let him eat bread!"

21 Moses desired to dwell with the man; and he gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses.  20 She gave birth to a son and he named him Gershom, for he said, "I have been a stranger in a foreign land."

23 During those many days, it happened that the king of Egypt died, and the Children of Israel groaned because of the work and they cried out. Their outcry because of the work went up to God.  24 God heard their moaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.  25 od saw the Children of Israel; and God knew.

Chapter 3

1 Moses was shepherding the sheep of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; he guided the sheep far into the wilderness, and he arrived at the Mountain of God, toward Horeb.  2 An angel of God appeared to him in a blaze of fire from amid the bush. He saw and behold! the bush was burning in the fire but the bush was not consumed.  3 Moses thought, "I will turn aside now and look at this great sight — why will the bush not be burned?"

4 Hashem saw that he turned aside to see; and God called out to him from amid the bush and said, "Moses, Moses," and he replied, "Here I am!"  5 He said, "Do not come closer to here, remove your shoes from your feet, for the place upon which you stand is holy ground."  6 And He said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to gaze toward God.

7 Hashem said, "I have indeed seen the affliction of My people that is in Egypt and I have heard its outcry because of its taskmasters, for I have known of its sufferings.  8 I shall descend to rescue it from the hand of Egypt and to bring it up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite, the Hivvite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivvite, and the Jebusite.  9 And now, behold! the outcry of the Children of Israel has come to Me, and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.  10 And now, go and I shall dispatch you to Pharaoh and you shall take My people the Children of Israel out of Egypt."

11 Moses replied to God, "Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and that I should take the Children of Israel out of Egypt?"

12 And He said, "For I shall be with you — and this is your sign that I have sent you - When you take the people out of Egypt, you will serve God on this mountain."

13 Moses said to God, "Behold, when I come to the Children of Israel and say to them, 'The God of your forefathers has sent me to you,' and they say to me, 'What is His Name?' — what shall I say to them?"

14 Hashem answered Moses, "I Shall Be As I Shall Be." And He said, "So shall you say to the Children of Israel, 'I Shall Be has sent me to you.' "  15 God said further to Moses, "So shall you say to the Children of Israel, 'Hashem the God of your forefathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob has dispatched me to you. This is My Name forever, and this is My remembrance from generation to generation.'  16 Go and gather the elders of Israel and say to them, 'Hashem, the God of your forefathers, has appeared to me, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, "I have surely remembered you and what is done to you in Egypt." '  17 And I have said, 'I shall bring you up from the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivvite, and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.'

18 "They will heed your voice. You and the elders of Israel shall come to the king of Egypt and say to him, 'Hashem, the God of the Hebrews, happened upon us. And now, please let us go on a three-day journey in the Wilderness, and we shall bring offerings to Hashem, our God.'  19 I know that the king of Egypt will not allow you to go, except through a strong hand.

20 I shall stretch out My hand and I shall strike Egypt with all My wonders that I shall perform in its midst, and after that he will send you out.  21 I shall grant this people favor in the eyes of Egypt, so that it will happen that when you go, you will not go empty-handed.  22 Each woman shall request from her neighbor and from the one who lives in her house silver vessels, golden vessels, and garments; and you shall put them on your sons and daughters, and you shall empty out Egypt."

Chapter 4

1 Moses responded and said, "But they will not believe me and they will not heed my voice, for they will say, 'Hashem did not appear to you.' "

2 Hashem said to him, "What is that in your hand?" and he said, "A staff."  3 He said, "Cast it on the ground," and he cast it on the ground and it became a snake. Moses fled from it.  4 Hashem said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand and grasp its tail." He stretched out his hand and grasped it tightly, and it became a staff in his palm.  5 "So that they shall believe that Hashem, the God of their forefathers, appeared to you, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob."  6 Hashem said further to him, "Bring your hand to your bosom," and he brought his hand to his bosom; then he withdrew it and behold, his hand was leprous, like snow.  7 He said, "Return your hand to your bosom," and he returned his hand to his bosom; then he removed it from his bosom and behold, it reverted to be like his flesh.  8 "It shall be that if they do not believe you and do not heed the voice of the first sign, they will believe the voice of the latter sign.  9 And it shall be that if they do not believe even these two signs and do not heed your voice, then you shall take from the water of the River and pour it out on the dry land, and the water that you shall take from the River will become blood when it is on the dry land."

10 Moses replied to Hashem, "Please, my Lord, I am not a man of words, not since yesterday, nor since the day before yesterday, nor since You first spoke to Your servant, for I am heavy of mouth and heavy of speech."

11 Then Hashem said to him, "Who makes a mouth for man, or who makes one dumb or deaf, or sighted or blind? Is it not I, Hashem?  12 So now, go! I shall be with your mouth and teach you what you should say."

13 He replied, "Please, my Lord, send through whomever You will send!"

14 The wrath of Hashem burned against Moses and He said, "Is there not Aaron your brother, the Levite? I know that he will surely speak; moreover, behold, he is going out to meet you and when he sees you he will rejoice in his heart.  15 You shall speak to him and put the words in his mouth; and I shall be with your mouth and with his mouth, and teach you both what you are to do.  16 He shall speak for you to the people; and it will be that he will be your mouth and you will be his leader.  17 And this staff you shall take in your hand, with which you shall perform the signs."

18 So Moses went and returned to Jether, his father-in-law, and said to him, "Let me now go back to my brethren who are in Egypt, and see if they are still alive." And Jethro said to Moses, "Go to peace."

19 Hashem said to Moses in Midian, "Go, return to Egypt, for all the people who seek your life have died."

20 So Moses took his wife and sons, mounted them on the donkey, and returned to the land of Egypt; and Moses took the staff of God in his hand.  21 Hashem said to Moses, "When you go to return to Egypt, see all the wonders that I have put in your hand and perform them before Pharaoh; but I shall strengthen his heart and he will not send out the people.  22 You shall say to Pharaoh, 'So said Hashem, My firstborn son is Israel.  23 So I say to you, Send out My son that he may serve Me — but you have refused to send him out; behold, I shall kill your firstborn son.'"

24 It was on the way, in the lodging, that Hashem encountered him and sought to kill him.  25 So Zipporah took a sharp stone and cut off the foreskin of her son and touched it to his feet; and she said, "You caused my bridegroom's bloodshed!"  26 So he released him; then she said, "A bridegroom's bloodshed was because of circumcision."

27 Hashem said to Aaron, "Go to meet Moses, to the wilderness." So he went and encountered him at the mountain of God, and he kissed him.  28 Moses related to Aaron all the words of Hashem, that He had dispatched him, and all the signs that He had commanded him.

29 Moses and Aaron went and gathered all the elders of the Children of Israel.  30 Aaron spoke all the words that Hashem had spoken to Moses; and he performed the signs in the sight of the people.  31 And the people believed, and they heard that Hashem had remembered the Children of Israel and that He saw their affliction, and they bowed their heads and prostrated themselves.

Chapter 5

1 Afterwards Moses and Aaron came and said to Pharaoh, "So said Hashem, the God of Israel, 'Send out My people that they may celebrate for Me in the wilderness.' "

2 Pharaoh replied, "Who is Hashem that I should heed His voice to send out Israel? I do not know Hashem, nor will I send out Israel!"  3 So they said, "The God of the Hebrews happened upon us. Let us now go for a three-day journey in the wilderness and we shall bring offerings to Hashem, our God, lest he strike us dead with the plague or the sword."  4 The king of Egypt said to them, "Moses and Aaron, why do you disturb the people from its work? Go to your own burdens."  5 And Pharaoh said, "Behold! the people of the land are now numerous, and you would have them cease from their burdens!"

6 On that day Pharaoh ordered the taskmasters over the people and its foremen, saying:  7 "You shall no longer give straw to the people to manufacture the bricks as yesterday and before yesterday; let them go and gather straw for themselves.  8 But the quota of bricks that they were making yesterday and before yesterday you shall impose upon them — do not reduce it — for they are lazy; therefore they cry out saying, 'Let us go and bring offerings to our God.'  9 Let the work be heavier upon the men and let them engage in it; and let them not pay attention to false words."

10 The taskmasters of the people and its foremen went out and spoke to the people, saying, "So said Pharaoh, I am not giving you straw.  11 Go yourselves and take yourselves straw from whatever you find, for nothing will be reduced from your work."

12 So the people spread out through the entire land of Egypt to gather gleanings for straw.  13 The taskmasters pressed, saying, "Complete your work, the daily matter each day, as when there was straw!"  14 The foremen of the Children of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had appointed over them, were beaten, saying, "Why did you not complete your requirement to make bricks, as yesterday and before yesterday, even yesterday and even today?"

15 The foremen of the Children of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, "Why do you this to your servants?  16 Straw is not given to your servants, yet they tell us, 'Make bricks!' Behold, your servants are being beaten, and it is a sin for your people."

17 He said, "You are lazy, lazy! Therefore you say, 'Let us go and bring offerings to Hashem.'  18 Now go to work. Straw will not be given to you, but you must provide the quota of bricks!"

19 The foremen of the Children of Israel saw them in distress when they said, "Do not reduce your bricks, the daily matter each day."

20 They encountered Moses and Aaron standing opposite them, as they left Pharaoh's presence.  21 They said to them, "May Hashem look upon you and judge, for you have made our very scent abhorrent in the eyes of Pharaoh and the eyes of his servants, to place a sword in their hands to murder us!"

22 Moses returned to Hashem and said, "My Lord, why have You done evil to this people, why have You sent me?  23 From the time I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your Name he did evil to this people, but You did not rescue Your people."

Chapter 6

1 Hashem said to Moses, "Now you will see what I shall do to Pharaoh, for through a strong hand will he send them out, and with a strong hand will he drive them from his land."


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