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Vayikra/Leviticus  9:1 - 11:47

Chapter 9

1 It was on the eighth day, Moses summoned Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel.  2 He said to Aaron - Take yourself a young bull for a sin-offering and a ram for an elevation-offering — unblemished; and offer [them] before Hashem.  3 And to the Children of Israel speak as follows - Take a he-goat for a sin-offering, and a calf and a sheep in their first year — unblemished — for an elevation-offering.  4 And a bull and a ram for a peace-offering to slaughter before Hashem, and a meal-offering mixed with oil; for today Hashem appears to you.

5 They took what Moses had commanded to the front of the Tent of Meeting; and the entire assembly approached and stood before Hashem.  6 Moses said - This is the thing that Hashem has commanded you to do; then the glory of Hashem will appear to you.

7 Moses said to Aaron - Come near to the Altar and perform the service of your sin-offering and your elevation-offering and provide atonement for yourself and for the people; then perform the service of the people's offering and provide atonement for them, as Hashem has commanded.

8 Aaron came near to the Altar, and slaughtered the sin-offering calf that was his.  9 The sons of Aaron brought the blood to him. He dipped his finger into the blood and placed it upon the horns of the Altar, and he poured the [remaining] blood upon the foundation of the Altar.  10 And the fats, and the kidneys, and the diaphragm with the liver of the sin-offering, he caused to go up in smoke on the Altar, as Hashem had commanded Moses.  11 And the flesh and the hide he burned in fire outside the camp.  12 He slaughtered the elevation-offering; the sons of Aaron presented the blood to him and he threw it upon the Altar, all around.  13 They presented the elevation-offering to him in its pieces with the head; and he caused it to go up in smoke on the Altar.  14 He washed the innards and the feet, and caused them to go up in smoke on the elevation-offering on the Altar.

15 He brought near the offering of the people - He took the sin-offering goat that was for the people, and slaughtered it and performed the sin-offering service, as for the first one.  16 He brought near the elevation-offering and performed its service according to the law.  17 He brought near the meal-offering, filled his palm from it, and caused it to go up in smoke on the Altar; aside from the morning elevation-offering.  18 He slaughtered the bull and the ram — the people's feast peace-offering; the sons of Aaron presented the blood to him, and he threw it upon the Altar, all around.  19 As for the fats from the bull and from the ram, and the tail, the covering fats, the kidneys, and the diaphragm with the liver;  20 they placed the fats upon the breasts, and caused the fats to go up in smoke on the Altar.  21 Aaron had lifted up the breasts and the right thigh as a wave-service before Hashem, as Moses had commanded.

22 Aaron raised his hands toward the people and blessed them; then he descended from having performed the sin-offering, the elevation-offering, and the peace-offering.  23 Moses and Aaron came to the Tent of Meeting, and they went out and they blessed the people — and the glory of Hashem appeared to the entire people!

24 A fire went forth from before Hashem and consumed upon the Altar the elevation-offering and the fats; the people saw and sang glad song and fell upon their faces.

Chapter 10

1 The sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, each took his fire pan, they put fire in them and placed incense upon it; and they brought before Hashem an alien fire that He had not commanded them.  2 A fire came forth from before Hashem and consumed them, and they died before Hashem.

3 Moses said to Aaron - Of this did Hashem speak, saying - "I will be sanctified through those who are nearest Me, thus I will be honored before the entire people"; and Aaron was silent.

4 Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Aaron's uncle Uziel, and said to them, "Approach, carry your brothers out of the Sanctuary to the outside of the camp."  5 They approached and carried them by their Tunics to the outside of the camp, as Moses had spoken.

6 Moses said to Aaron and to his sons Elazar and Ithamar, "Do not leave your heads unshorn and do not rend your garments that you not die and He become wrathful with the entire assembly; and your brethren the entire House of Israel shall bewail the conflagration that Hashem ignited.  7 Do not leave the entrance of the Tent of Meeting lest you die, for the oil of Hashem's anointment is upon you"; and they carried out Moses' bidding.

8 Hashem spoke to Aaron saying:  9 Do not drink intoxicating wine, you and your sons with you, when you come to the Tent of Meeting, that you not die — this is an eternal decree for your generations.  10 In order to distinguish between the sacred and the profane, and between the contaminated and the pure;  11 and to teach the Children of Israel all the decrees that Hashem had spoken to them through Moses.

12 Moses spoke to Aaron and to Elazar and Ithamar, his remaining sons, "Take the mealoffering that is left from the fire-offerings of Hashem, and eat it unleavened near the Altar; for it is the most holy.  13 You shall eat it in a holy place, for it is your portion and the portion of your sons from the fire-offerings of Hashem, for so have I been commanded.  14 And the breast of the waving and the thigh of the raising-up you shall eat in a pure place, you and your sons and daughters with you; for they have been given as your portion and the portion of your sons from the feast peace-offerings of the Children of Israel.  15 They are to bring the thigh of the raising-up and the breast of the waving upon the fire-offering fats to wave as a wave-service before Hashem; and it shall be for you and your sons with you for an eternal decree, as Hashem has commanded."

16 Moses inquired insistently about the he-goat of the sin-offering, for behold, it had been burned! — and he was wrathful with Elazar and Ithamar, Aaron's remaining sons, saying:  17 "Why did you not eat the sin-offering in a holy place, for it is most holy; and He gave it to you to gain forgiveness for the sin of the assembly and to atone for them before Hashem?  18 Behold, its blood was not brought into the Sanctuary within; you should have eaten it in the Holy, as I had commanded!"

19 Aaron spoke to Moses - "Was it they who this day offered their sin-offering and their elevation-offering before Hashem? Now that such things befell me — were I to eat this day's sin-offering, would Hashem approve?"

20 Moses heard and he approved.

Chapter 11

1 Hashem spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them:  2 Speak to the Children of Israel, saying - These are the creatures that you may eat from among the animals that are upon the earth.  3 Everything among the animals that has a split hoof, which is completely separated into double hooves, and that brings up its cud — that one you may eat.  4 But this is what you shall not eat from among those that bring up their cud or that have split hooves - the camel, for it brings up its cud, but its hoof is not split — it is unclean to you;  5 and the hyrax, for it brings up its cud, but its hoof is not split — it is unclean to you;  6 and the hare, for it brings up its cud, but its hoof is not split — it is unclean to you;  7 and the pig, for its hoof is split and its hoof is completely separated, but it does not chew its cud — it is unclean to you.  8 You shall not eat of their flesh nor shall you touch their carcass — they are unclean to you.

9 This may you eat from everything that is in the water - everything that has fins and scales in the water, in the seas, and in the streams, those may you eat.  10 And everything that does not have fins and scales in the seas and in the streams — from all that teems in the water, and from all living creatures in the water — they are an abomination to you.  11 And they shall remain abominated to you; you shall not eat of their flesh and you shall abominate their carcass.  12 Everything that does not have fins and scales in the water — it is an abomination to you.

13 These shall you abominate from among the birds, they may not be eaten — they are an abomination - the nesher, the peres, the ozniah;  14 the daah and the ayah according to its kind;  15 every orev according to its kind;  16 the bas hayaanah, the tachmos, the shachaf, and the netz according to its kind;  17 the kos, the shalach, and the yanshuf;  18 the tinshemes, the kaas, and the racham;  19 the chasidah, the anafah according to its kind, the duchifas, and the atalef.

20 Every flying teeming creature that walks on four legs — it is an abomination to you.  21 Only this may you eat from among all flying teeming creatures that walk on four legs - one that has jumping legs above its legs, with which to spring upon the earth.  22 You may eat these from among them - the arbeh according to its kind; the sal'am according to its kind, the chargol according to its kind, and the chagav according to its kind.  23 Every flying teeming thing that has four legs — it is an abomination to you.

24 You become contaminated through the following — anyone who touches their carcass becomes contaminated until evening;  25 and anyone who carries their carcass shall immerse his clothing and be contaminated until evening;  26 every animal that has split hooves that are not completely split, or does not chew its cud, they are contaminated to you; whoever touches them becomes contaminated.  27 And every one that walks on its paws, among all animals that walk on four legs, they are contaminated to you; whoever touches their carcass shall be contaminated until evening.  28 One who carries their carcass shall immerse his clothing and be contaminated until evening; they are contaminated to you.

29 These are the contaminated ones among the teeming animals that teem upon the earth - the choled, the achbar, and the tzav according to its variety;  30 the anakah, the koach, and the letaah; and the chomet and the tinshemes.  31 Only these are contaminated to you among all the teeming animals; anyone who touches them when they are dead shall be contaminated until evening;  32 and when they are dead, anything upon which part of them falls becomes contaminated, whether it is a wooden utensil, a garment, leather, or sackcloth — any utensil with which work is done — shall be brought into the water, and remain contaminated until evening, and then become cleansed.

33 Any earthenware utensil into whose interior one of them will fall, everything in it shall become contaminated — and you shall break it;  34 f any food that is edible, upon which water comes, shall become contaminated; and any beverage that can be drunk, in any vessel, shall become contaminated.  35 Anything upon which part of their carcass may fall shall be contaminated — an oven or a stove shall be smashed — they are contaminated and they shall remain contaminated to you;  36 only a spring or a cistern, a gathering of water, shall remain pure — but one who touches their carcass shall become contaminated.  37 And if its carcass falls upon any edible seed that has been planted, it remains pure.  38 But if water had been placed upon a seed and then their carcass falls upon it, it is contaminated to you.

39 If an animal that you may eat has died, one who touches its carcass shall become contaminated until evening.  40 And one who eats from its carcass shall immerse his clothing and remain contaminated until evening; and one who carries its carcass shall immerse his clothing and remain contaminated until evening.

41 Every teeming creature that teems upon the ground — it is an abomination, it shall not be eaten.  42 Everything that creeps on its belly, and everything that walks on four legs, up to those with numerous legs, among all the teeming things that teem upon the earth, you may not eat them, for they are an abomination.  43 Do not make yourselves abominable by means of any teeming thing; do not contaminate yourselves through them lest you become contaminated through them. '

44 For I am Hashem your God — you are to sanctify yourselves and you shall become holy, for I am holy; and you shall not contaminate yourselves through any teeming thing that creeps on the earth.  45 For I am Hashem Who elevates you from the land of Egypt to be a God unto you; you shall be holy, for I am holy.

46 This is the law of the animal, the bird, every living creature that swarms in the water, and for every creature that teems on the ground;  47 to distinguish between the contaminated and the pure, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten.


Haftarah for Shemini

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