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Bamidbar/Numbers  13:1 - 15:41

Chapter 13

1 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying,  2 "Send forth men, if you please, and let them spy out the Land of Canaan that I give to the Children of Israel; one man each from his father's tribe shall you send, every one a leader among them."  3 Moses sent them forth from the Wilderness of Paran at Hashem's command; they were all distinguished men; heads of the Children of Israel were they.

4 These are their names - For the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zaccur.  5 For the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori.  6 For the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh.  7 For the tribe of Issachar, Yigal son of Joseph.  8 For the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea son of Nun.  9 For the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of Raphu.  10 For the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel son of Sodi.  11 For the tribe of Joseph for the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi son of Susi.  12 For the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of Gemalli.  13 For the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of Michael.  14 For the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of Vophsi.  15 For the tribe of Gad, Geuel son of Machi.

16 These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the Land. Moses called Hoshea son of Nun "Joshua."

17 Moses sent them to spy out the Land of Canaan, and he said to them, "Ascend here in the south and climb the mountain.  18 See the Land — how is it? and the people that dwells in it — is it strong or weak? is it few or numerous?  19 And how is the Land in which it dwells — is it good or is it bad? And how are the cities in which it dwells — are they open or are they fortified?  20 And how is the land — is it fertile or is it lean? are there trees in it or not? You shall strengthen yourselves and take from the fruit of the Land." The days were the season of the first ripe grapes.

21 They ascended and spied out the Land, from the Wilderness of Zin to the expanse at the approach to Hamath.  22 They ascended in the south and he arrived at Hebron, where there were Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the offspring of the giant. Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan of Egypt.  23 They arrived at the Valley of Eshcol and cut from there a vine with one cluster of grapes, and bore it on a double pole, and of the pomegranates and of the figs.  24 They named that place the Valley of Eshcol because of the cluster that the Children of Israel cut from there.

25 They returned from spying out the Land at the end of forty days.  26 They went and came to Moses and to Aaron and to the entire assembly of the Children of Israel, to the Wilderness of Paran at Kadesh, and brought back the report to them and the entire assembly, and they showed them the fruit of the Land.

27 They reported to him and said, "We arrived at the Land to which you sent us, and indeed it flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.  28 But — the people that dwells in the Land is powerful, the cities are very greatly fortified, and we also saw there the offspring of the giant.  29 Amalek dwells in the area of the south; the Hittite, the Jebusite, and the Emorite dwell on the mountain; and the Canaanite dwells by the Sea and on the bank of the Jordan."

30 Caleb silenced the people toward Moses and said, "We shall surely ascend and conquer it, for we can surely do it!"

31 But the men who had ascended with him said, "We cannot ascend to that people for it is too strong for us!"  32 They brought forth to the Children of Israel an evil report on the Land that they had spied out, saying, "The Land through which we have passed, to spy it out, is a land that devours its inhabitants! All the people that we saw in it were huge.  33 There we saw the Nephilim, the sons of the giant from among the Nephilim; we were like grasshoppers in our eyes, and so we were in their eyes!"

Chapter 14

1 The entire assembly raised up and issued its voice; the people wept that night.  2 All the Children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron, and the entire assembly said to them, "If only we had died in the land of Egypt, or if only we had died in this Wilderness.  3 Why is Hashem bringing us to this Land to die by the sword? Our wives and young children will be taken captive! Is it not better for us to return to Egypt?"

4 So they said to one another, "Let us appoint a leader and let us return to Egypt!"

5 Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before the entire congregation of the assembly of the Children of Israel.

6 Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh, of the spies of the Land, tore their garments.  7 They spoke to the entire assembly of the Children of Israel, saying, "The Land that we passed through, to spy it out — the Land is very, very good.  8 If Hashem desires us, He will bring us to this Land and give it to us, a Land that flows with milk and honey.  9 But do not rebel against Hashem! You should not fear the people of the Land, for they are our bread. Their protection has departed from them; Hashem is with us. Do not fear them!"

10 But the entire assembly said to pelt them with stones — and the glory of Hashem appeared in the Tent of Meeting to all the Children of Israel.

11 Hashem said to Moses, "How long will this people provoke Me, and how long will they not have faith in Me, despite all the signs that I have performed in their midst?  12 I will smite them with the plague and annihilate them, and I shall make you a greater and more powerful nation than they."

13 Moses said to Hashem, "Then Egypt — from whose midst You brought up this nation with Your power — will hear,  14 and they will say about the inhabitants of this Land, 'They have heard that You, Hashem, are in the midst of this people — that You, Hashem, appeared eye to eye and Your cloud stands over them, and that in a pillar of cloud You go before them by day and in a pillar of fire at night,  15 yet You killed this people like a single man!' Then the nations that heard of Your fame will say,  16 'Because Hashem lacked the ability to bring this people to the Land that He had sworn to give them, He slaughtered them in the Wilderness.'  17 And now — may the strength of my Lord be magnified as You have spoken, saying,  18 'Hashem, Slow to Anger, Abundant in Kindness, Forgiver of Iniquity and Willful Sin, and Who cleanses — but does not cleanse completely, recalling the iniquity of parents upon children to the third and fourth generations',  19 forgive now the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of Your kindness and as You have forgiven this people from Egypt until now."

20 And Hashem said, "I have forgiven because of your words.  21 But as I live — and the glory of Hashem shall fill the entire world,  22 that all the men who have seen My glory and My signs that I performed in Egypt and in the Wilderness, and have tested Me these ten times and have not heeded My voice,  23 if they will see the Land that I have sworn to give their forefathers! — and all who anger Me shall not see it.  24 But My servant Caleb, because a different spirit was with him and he followed Me wholeheartedly, I shall bring him to the Land to which he came, and his offspring shall possess it.  25 The Amalekite and the Canaanite dwell in the valley — tomorrow, turn and journey toward the Wilderness in the direction of the Sea of Reeds."

26 Hashem spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,  27 "How long for this evil assembly that provokes complaints against Me!? I have heard the complaints of the Children of Israel whom they provoke against Me.  28 Say to them - As I live — the words of Hashem — if I shall not do to you as you have spoken in My ears.  29 In this Wilderness shall your carcasses drop; all of you who were counted in any of your numberings, from twenty years of age and above, whom you provoked against Me,  30 if you shall come to the Land about which I have raised My hand in an oath to settle you there, except for Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.  31 And your young children of whom you said they will be taken captive, I shall bring them; they shall know the Land that you have despised.  32 But your carcasses shall drop in this Wilderness.  33 Your children will roam in the Wilderness for forty years and bear your guilt, until the last of your carcasses in the Wilderness.  34 Like the number of the days that you spied out the Land, forty days, a day for a year, a day for a year, shall you bear your iniquities — forty years — and you shall comprehend straying from Me.  35 I Hashem have spoken — if I shall not do this to this entire evil assembly that gathers against Me! In this Wilderness shall they cease to be, and there shall they die!"

36 But as for the men whom Moses sent to spy out the Land, and who returned and provoked the entire assembly against him by spreading a report against the Land,  37 the people who spread the evil report about the Land died in a plague before Hashem.  38 But Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh lived from among those men who were going to spy out the Land.

39 Moses spoke these words to all of the Children of Israel, and the people mourned exceedingly.

40 They awoke early in the morning and ascended toward the mountaintop saying, "We are ready, and we shall ascend to the place of which Hashem has spoken, for we have sinned!"

41 Moses said, "Why do you transgress the word of Hashem? It will not succeed.  42 Do not ascend, for Hashem is not in your midst! And do not be smitten before your enemies.  43 For the Amalekite and the Canaanite are there before you, and you will fall by the sword, because you have turned away from Hashem, and Hashem will not be with you."

44 But they defiantly ascended to the mountaintop, while the Ark of Hashem's covenant and Moses did not move from the midst of the camp.  45 The Amalekite and the Canaanite who dwelled on that mountain descended; they struck them and pounded them until Hormah.

Chapter 15

1 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying,  2 "Speak to the Children of Israel and say to them - When you will come to the Land of your dwelling places that I give you,  3 and you perform a fire-offering to Hashem — an elevation-offering or a feast-offering because of an articulated vow or as a free-will offering, or on your festivals, to produce a satisfying aroma to Hashem, from the cattle or from the flock,  4 the one who brings his offering to Hashem shall bring a meal-offering of a tenth[-ephah] fine flour, mixed with a quarter-hin of oil,  5 and a quarter-hin of wine for a libation shall you prepare for the elevation-offering or the feast-offering for each sheep.  6 Or for a ram — you shall prepare a meal-offering, two tenth[-ephah] fine flour mixed with a third-hin of oil,  7 and a third-hin of wine for a libation shall you bring as a satisfying aroma to Hashem.  8 When you prepare a young bull as an elevation-offering or feastoffering, because of an articulated vow, or a peace-offering to Hashem,  9 one shall bring with the young bull a meal-offering - three tenth[-ephah] fine flour mixed with a half-hin of oil.  10 You shall bring a half-hin of wine for a libation, a fire-offering, a satisfying aroma to Hashem.

11 "So shall be done for each bull or for each ram, or for a lamb or kid among the sheep or goats.  12 According to the number that you prepare, so shall you do for each one, according to their number.  13 Every native shall do so with them, to bring a fire-offering, a satisfying aroma to Hashem.

14 "When a proselyte sojourns with you or one who is among you throughout your generations and he shall prepare a fire-offering, a satisfying aroma to Hashem — as you do, so shall he do.  15 For the congregation — the same decree shall be for you and for the proselyte who sojourns, an eternal decree for your generations; like you like the proselyte shall it be before Hashem.  16 One teaching and one judgment shall be for you and for the proselyte who sojourns among you."

17 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying,  18 "Speak to the Children of Israel and say to them - When you come to the Land to which I bring you,  19 it shall be that when you will eat of the bread of the Land, you shall set aside a portion for Hashem.  20 As the first of your kneading you shall set aside a loaf as a portion, like the portion of the threshing-floor, so shall you set it aside.  21 From the first of your kneading shall you give a portion to Hashem, for your generations.

22 "If you err and do not perform all of these commandments, which Hashem has spoken to Moses,  23 everything that Hashem commanded you through Moses, from the day that Hashem commanded and onward, throughout your generations.  24 If because of the eyes of the assembly it was done unintentionally, the entire assembly shall prepare one young bull as an elevation-offering for a satisfying aroma to Hashem, and its meal-offering and its libation according to the rule, and one he-goat as a sin-offering.  25 The Kohen shall atone for the entire assembly of the Children of Israel and it shall be forgiven them, for it was unintentional, and they have brought their offering, a fire-offering to Hashem, and their sin-offering before Hashem for their unintentional sin.  26 And it shall be forgiven to the entire assembly of Israel and to the proselyte who sojourns among them, for it happened to the entire people unintentionally.

27 "If one person sins unintentionally, he shall offer a she-goat within its first year as a sin-offering.  28 The Kohen shall atone for the erring person when he sins unintentionally before Hashem, to atone for him; and it shall be forgiven him.  29 The native among the Children of Israel and the proselyte who sojourns among them — there shall be a single teaching for them, for one who does unintentionally.

30 "A person who shall act high-handedly, whether native or proselyte, he blasphemed Hashem! — that person shall be cut off from among his people,  31 for he scorned the word of Hashem and broke His commandment; that person will surely be cut off, his sin is upon him."

32 The Children of Israel were in the Wilderness and they found a man gathering wood on the Sabbath day.  33 Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron, and to the entire assembly.  34 They placed him in custody, for it had not been clarified what should be done to him.

35 Hashem said to Moses - "The man shall be put to death; the entire assembly shall pelt him with stones outside of the camp."

36 The entire assembly removed him to the outside of the camp; they pelted him with stones and he died, as Hashem had commanded Moses.

37 Hashem said to Moses, saying,  38 "Speak to the Children of Israel and say to them that they shall make themselves tzitzis on the corners of their garments, throughout their generations. And they shall place upon the tzitzis of each corner a thread of turquoise wool.  39 It shall constitute tzitzis for you, that you may see it and remember all the commandments of Hashem and perform them; and not explore after your heart and after your eyes after which you stray.  40 So that you may remember and perform all My commandments and be holy to your God.  41 I am Hashem, your God, Who has removed you from the land of Egypt to be a God unto you; I am Hashem your God."


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