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Shemos/Exodus  30:11 - 34:35

Chapter 30

11 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying:  12 "When you take a census of the Children of Israel according to their numbers, every man shall give Hashem an atonement for his soul when counting them, so that there will not be a plague among them when counting them.  13 This shall they give — everyone who passes through the census — a half shekel of the sacred shekel, the shekel is twenty geras, half a shekel as a portion to Hashem.  14 Everyone who passes through the census, from twenty years of age and up, shall give the portion of Hashem.  15 The wealthy shall not increase and the destitute shall not decrease from half a shekel — to give the portion of Hashem, to atone for your souls.  16 You shall take the silver of the atonements from the Children of Israel and give it for the work of the Tent of Meeting; and it shall be a remembrance before Hashem for the Children of Israel, to atone for your souls."

17 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying:  18 "You shall make a copper Laver and its base of copper, for washing; place it between the Tent of Meeting and the Altar, and put water there.  19 From it, Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands together with their feet.  20 Whenever they come to the Tent of Meeting, they shall wash with water and not die, or when they approach the Altar to serve, to raise up in smoke a fire-offering to Hashem.  21 They shall wash their hands and feet and not die. It shall be for them an eternal decree, for him and his offspring for their generations."

22 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying:  23 "Now you, take for yourself choice spices - five hundred shekel-weights of pure myrrh; fragrant cinnamon, half of which shall be two hundred fifty; two hundred fifty of fragrant cane;  24 five hundred of cassia — in the sacred shekel-weight, and a hin of olive oil.  25 Of it you shall make oil of sacred anointment, a blended compound, the handiwork of a perfumer; it shall remain oil of sacred anointment.  26 With it you shall anoint the Tent of Meeting and the Ark of Testimonial-tablets;  27 the Table and all its utensils, the Menorah and its utensils, and the Incense Altar;  28 the Elevation-offering Altar and all its utensils; and the Laver and its base.  29 You shall sanctify them and they shall remain holy of holies; whatever touches them shall become holy.

30 "You shall anoint Aaron and his sons and sanctify them to minister to Me.

31 "You shall speak to the Children of Israel, saying - 'This shall remain for Me oil of sacred anointment for your generations.  32 It shall not be smeared on human flesh and you shall not duplicate it in its formulation; it is holy, it shall remain holy for you.  33 Anyone who shall compound its like or who shall put it upon an alien shall be cut off from his people.' "

34 Hashem said to Moses - "Take yourself spices — stacte, onycha and galbanum — spices and pure frankincense - these shall all be of equal weight.  35 You shall make it into a spice-compound, the handiwork of a perfumer, thoroughly mixed, pure and holy.  36 You shall grind some of it finely and place some of it before the Testimonial-tablets in the Tent of Meeting, where I shall designate a time to meet you; it shall remain holy of holies to you.  37 The incense that you shall make — in its proportion you shall not make for yourselves; it shall remain holy to you, for Hashem.  38 Whoever makes its like to smell it shall be cut off from his people."

Chapter 31

1 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying:  2 "See, I have called by the name - Bezalel son of Uri, son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah.  3 I have filled him with a Godly spirit, with wisdom, insight, and knowledge, and with every craft;  4 to weave designs, to work with gold, silver, and copper;  5 stone-cutting for setting, and wood-carving — to perform every craft.

6 "And I, behold, I have assigned with him Oholiab son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan, and I have endowed the heart of every wise-hearted person with wisdom, and they shall make all that I have commanded you;  7 the Tent of Meeting, the Ark of the Testimonial-tablets and the Cover that is upon it, and all the utensils of the Tent;  8 the Table and its utensils, the pure Menorah and all its utensils, and the Incense Altar;  9 the Elevation-offering Altar and all its utensils, the Laver and its base;  10 the knit vestments, the sacred vestments of Aaron the Kohen and the vestments of his sons, to minister;  11 the anointment oil and the incense-spices of the Sanctuary. Like everything that I have commanded you shall you make."

12 Hashem said to Moses, saying:  13 "You shall speak to the Children of Israel, saying - 'However, you must observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you for your generations, to know that I am Hashem, Who makes you holy.  14 You shall observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you; its desecrators shall be put to death, for whoever does work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among its people.  15 For six days work may be done and the seventh day is a day of complete rest, it is sacred to Hashem; whoever does work on the Sabbath day shall be put to death.'

16 "The Children of Israel shall observe the Sabbath, to make the Sabbath an eternal covenant for their generations.  17 Between Me and the Children of Israel it is a sign forever that in a six-day period Hashem made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed."

18 When He finished speaking to him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two Tablets of Testimony, stone tablets inscribed by the finger of God.

Chapter 32

1 The people saw that Moses had delayed in descending the mountain, and the people gathered around Aaron and said to him, "Rise up, make for us gods that will go before us, for this man Moses who brought us up from the land of Egypt — we do not know what became of him!"

2 Aaron said to them, "Remove the rings of gold that are in the ears of your wives, sons, and daughters, and bring them to me."

3 The entire people removed the gold rings that were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron.  4 He took it from their hands and bound it up in a cloth, and fashioned it into a molten calf. They said, "This is your god, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt."

5 Aaron saw and built an altar before him. Aaron called out and said, "A festival for Hashem tomorrow!"

6 They arose early the next day and offered up elevation-offerings and brought peaceofferings. The people sat to eat and drink, and they got up to revel.

7 Hashem spoke to Moses - "Go, descend — for your people that you brought up from Egypt has become corrupt.  8 They have strayed quickly from the way that I have commanded them. They have made themselves a molten calf, prostrated themselves to it and sacrificed to it, and they said, 'This is your god, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt.' "  9 Hashem said to Moses, "I have seen this people, and behold! it is a stiff-necked people.  10 And now, desist from Me. Let My anger flare up against them and I shall annihilate them; and I shall make you a great nation."

11 Moses pleaded before Hashem, his God, and said, "Why, Hashem, should Your anger flare up against Your people, whom You have taken out of the land of Egypt, with great power and a strong hand?  12 Why should Egypt say the following - 'With evil intent did He take them out, to kill them in the mountains and to annihilate them from the face of the earth'? Relent from Your flaring anger and reconsider regarding the evil against Your people.  13 Remember for the sake of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Yourself, and You told them, 'I shall increase your offspring like the stars of heaven, and this entire land of which I spoke, I shall give to your offspring and it shall be their heritage forever.' "

14 Hashem reconsidered regarding the evil that He declared He would do to His people.

15 Moses turned and descended from the mountain, with the two Tablets of the Testimony in his hand, Tablets inscribed on both their sides; they were inscribed on one side and the other.  16 The Tablets were God's handiwork, and the script was the script of God, engraved on the Tablets.

17 Joshua heard the sound of the people in its shouting, and he said to Moses, "The sound of battle is in the camp!"

18 He said, "Not a sound shouting strength nor a sound shouting weakness; a sound of distress do I hear!"  19 It happened as he drew near the camp and saw the calf and the dances, that Moses' anger flared up. He threw down the Tablets from his hands and shattered them at the foot of the mountain.  20 He took the calf that they had made and burned it in fire. He ground it to a fine powder and sprinkled it over the water. He made the Children of Israel drink.

21 Moses said to Aaron, "What did this people do to you that you brought a grievous sin upon it?"  22 Aaron said, "Let not my master's anger flare up. You know that the people is disposed toward evil.  23 They said to me, 'Make us a god that will go before us, for this man Moses who brought us up from the land of Egypt — we do not know what became of him.'  24 So I said to them, 'Who has gold?' They removed it and gave it to me. I threw it into the fire, and this calf emerged."

25 Moses saw the people, that it was exposed, for Aaron had exposed them to disgrace among those who rise up against them.

26 Moses stood at the gateway of the camp, and said, "Whoever is for Hashem, join me!" — and all the Levites gathered around him.  27 He said to them, "So said Hashem the God of Israel, 'Every man, put his sword on his thigh and pass back and forth from gate to gate in the camp. Let every man kill his brother, every man his fellow, and every man his near one.' "

28 The Levites did as Moses said, and about three thousand men of the people fell that day.  29 Moses said, "Dedicate yourselves this day to Hashem — for each has opposed his son and his brother — that He may bestow upon you a blessing, this day."

30 On the next day, Moses said to the people, "You have committed a grievous sin! And now I shall ascend to Hashem — perhaps I can win atonement in the face of your sin."  31 Moses returned to Hashem and said, "I implore! This people has committed a grievous sin and made themselves a god of gold.  32 And now if You would but forgive their sin! — but if not, erase me now from Your book that You have written."

33 Hashem said to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against Me, I shall erase from My book.  34 Now, go and lead the people to where I have told you. Behold! My angel shall go before you, and on the day that I make My account, I shall bring their sin to account against them."

35 Then Hashem struck the people with a plague, because they had made the calf that Aaron had made.

Chapter 33

1 Hashem spoke to Moses, "Go, ascend from here, you and the people whom you brought up from the land of Egypt, to the land about which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, 'I shall give it to your offspring.'  2 I shall send an angel ahead of you, and I shall drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivvite, and the Jebusite;  3 to a land that flows with milk and honey, because I shall not ascend among you, for you are a stiff-necked people, lest I annihilate you on the way."

4 The people heard this bad tiding and they became grief-stricken, and no one donned his jewelry.

5 Hashem said to Moses, "Say to the Children of Israel, 'You are a stiff-necked people. If I ascend among you, I may annihilate you in an instant. And now remove your jewelry from yourself, and I shall know what I shall do to you.' "  6 So the Children of Israel were stripped of their jewelry from Mount Horeb.

7 Moses would take the Tent and pitch it outside the camp, far from the camp, and call it Tent of Meeting. So it was that whoever sought Hashem would go out to the Tent of Meeting, which was outside the camp.  8 Whenever Moses would go out to the Tent, the entire people would stand up and remain standing, everyone at the entrance of his tent, and they would gaze after Moses until he arrived at the Tent.  9 When Moses would arrive at the Tent, a pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the Tent, and He would speak with Moses.  10 The entire people would see the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance of the Tent, and the entire people would rise and prostrate themselves, everyone at the entrance of his tent.  11 Hashem would speak to Moses face to face, as a man would speak with his fellow; then he would return to the camp. His servant, Joshua son of Nun, a lad, would not depart from within the tent.

12 Moses said to Hashem, "See, You say to me, 'Take this people onward,' but You did not inform me whom You will send with me; and You had said, 'I shall know you by name, and you have also found favor in My eyes.'  13 And now, if I have indeed found favor in Your eyes, make Your way known to me, so that I may comprehend Your 'I shall find favor in Your eyes.' But see that this nation is Your people."

14 He said, "My Presence will go and provide you rest."

15 He said to him, "If Your Presence does not go along, do not bring us forward from here.  16 How, then, will it be known that I have found favor in Your eyes — I and Your people — unless You accompany us, and I and Your people are made distinct from every people on the face of the earth!"

17 Hashem said to Moses, "Even this thing of which you spoke I shall do, for you have found favor in My eyes, and I have known you by name."

18 He said, "Show me now Your glory."

19 He said, "I shall make all My goodness pass before you, and I shall call out with the Name Hashem before you; I shall show favor when I choose to show favor, and I shall show mercy when I choose to show mercy."

20 He said, "You will not be able to see My face, for no human can see My face and live."  21 Hashem said, "Behold! there is a place near Me; you may stand on the rock.  22 When My glory passes by, I shall place you in a cleft of the rock; I shall shield you with My hand until I have passed.  23 Then I shall remove My hand and you will see My back, but My face may not be seen."

Chapter 34

1 Hashem said to Moses, "Carve for yourself two stone Tablets like the first ones, and I shall inscribe on the Tablets the words that were on the first Tablets, which you shattered.  2 Be prepared in the morning; ascend Mount Sinai in the morning and stand by Me there on the mountaintop.  3 No man may ascend with you nor may anyone be seen on the entire mountain. Even the flock and the cattle may not graze facing that mountain."

4 So he carved out two stone Tablets like the first ones. Moses arose early in the morning and ascended to Mount Sinai, as Hashem had commanded him, and he took two stone Tablets in his hand.

5 Hashem descended in a cloud and stood with him there, and He called out with the Name Hashem.  6 Hashem passed before him and proclaimed - Hashem, Hashem, God, Compassionate and Gracious, Slow to Anger, and Abundant in Kindness and Truth.  7 Preserver of Kindness for thousands of generations, Forgiver of Iniquity, Willful Sin, and Error, and Who Cleanses — but does not cleanse completely, recalling the iniquity of parents upon children and grandchildren, to the third and fourth generations.

8 Moses hastened to bow his head toward the ground and prostrate himself.  9 He said, "If I have now found favor in Your eyes, my Lord, let my Lord go among us — for it is a stiff-necked people, and You shall forgive our iniquity and error, and make us Your heritage."

10 He said, "Behold! I seal a covenant - Before your entire people I shall make distinctions such as have never been created in the entire world and among all the nations; and the entire people among whom you are will see the work of Hashem — which is awesome — that I am about to do with you.

11 "Beware of what I command you today - Behold I drive out before you the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivvite, and the Jebusite.  12 Be vigilant lest you seal a covenant with the inhabitant of the land to which you come, lest it be a snare among you.  13 Rather you shall break apart their altars, smash their pillars, and cut down its sacred trees.  14 For you shall not prostrate yourselves to an alien god, for the very Name of Hashem is 'Jealous One,' He is a jealous God.  15 Lest you seal a covenant with the inhabitant of the land and stray after their gods, slaughter to their gods, and he invite you and you eat from his slaughter.  16 And you take their daughters for your sons, and their daughters stray after their gods and entice your sons to stray after their gods.

17 "You shall not make yourselves molten gods.

18 "You shall observe the Festival of Matzos - For a seven-day period you shall eat matzos, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of spring, for in the month of spring you went forth from Egypt.

19 "Every first issue of a womb is Mine; as well as any of your livestock that produces a male, the first issue of cattle or sheep.  20 The first issue of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb or kid, and if you do not redeem it you shall axe the back of its neck. You shall redeem every firstborn of your sons. They shall not appear before Me emptyhanded.

21 "Six days shall you work and on the seventh day you shall desist; you shall desist from plowing and harvesting.  22 You shall make the Festival of Weeks with the first offering of the wheat harvest; and the Festival of the Harvest shall be at the changing of the year.  23 Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord Hashem, the God of Israel.  24 For I shall banish nations before you and broaden your boundary; no man will covet your land when you go up to appear before Hashem, your God, three times a year.

25 "You shall not slaughter My blood-offering while in the possession of leavened food, nor may the feast-offering of the Pesach festival be left overnight until morning.  26 The first of your land's early produce you shall bring to the Temple of Hashem, your God. Do not cook a kid in its mother's milk."

27 Hashem said to Moses, "Write these words for yourself, for according to these words have I sealed a covenant with you and Israel."  28 He remained there with Hashem for forty days and forty nights — he did not eat bread and he did not drink water — and He wrote on the Tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

29 When Moses descended from Mount Sinai — with the two Tablets of the Testimony in the hand of Moses as he descended from the mountain — Moses did not know that the skin of his face had become radiant when He had spoken to him.  30 Aaron and all the Children of Israel saw Moses, and behold! — the skin of his face had become radiant; and they feared to approach him.  31 Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the leaders of the assembly returned to him, and Moses would speak to them.  32 After that, all the Children of Israel would approach; he would command them regarding everything that Hashem had spoken to him on Mount Sinai.

33 Moses finished speaking with them and placed a mask on his face.  34 When Moses would come before Hashem to speak with Him, he would remove the mask until his departure; then he would leave and tell the Children of Israel whatever he had been commanded.  35 When the Children of Israel saw Moses' face, that Moses' face had become radiant, Moses put the mask back on his face, until he came to speak with Him.


Haftarah for Ki Sisa

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