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Devarim/Deuteronomy  21:10 - 25:19

Chapter 21

10 When you will go out to war against your enemies, and Hashem, your God, will deliver them into your hand, and you will capture its captivity;  11 and you will see among its captivity a woman who is beautiful of form, and you will desire her, you may take her to yourself for a wife.  12 You shall bring her to the midst of your house; she shall shave her head and let her nails grow.  13 She shall remove the garment of her captivity from upon herself and sit in your house and she shall weep for her father and her mother for a full month; thereafter you may come to her and live with her, and she shall be a wife to you.  14 But it shall be that if you do not desire her, then you shall send her on her own, but you may not sell her for money; you shall not enslave her, because you have afflicted her.

15 If a man will have two wives, one beloved and one hated, and they bear him sons, the beloved one and the hated one, and the firstborn son is the hated one's;  16 then it shall be that on the day that he causes his sons to inherit whatever will be his, he cannot give the right of the firstborn to the son of the beloved one ahead of the son of the hated one, the firstborn.  17 Rather, he must recognize the firstborn, the son of the hated one, to give him the double portion in all that is found with him; for he is his initial vigor, to him is the right of the firstborn.

18 If a man will have a wayward and rebellious son, who does not hearken to the voice of his father and the voice of his mother, and they discipline him, but he does not hearken to them;  19 then his father and mother shall grasp him and take him out to the elders of his city and the gate of his place.  20 They shall say to the elders of his city, "This son of ours is wayward and rebellious; he does not hearken to our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard."  21 All the men of his city shall pelt him with stones and he shall die; and you shall remove the evil from your midst; and all Israel shall hear and they shall fear.

22 If a man shall have committed a sin whose judgment is death, he shall be put to death, and you shall hang him on a gallows.  23 You shall not leave his body overnight on the gallows, rather you shall surely bury him on that day, for a hanging person is a curse of God, and you shall not contaminate your Land, which Hashem, your God, gives you as an inheritance.

Chapter 22

1 You shall not see the ox of your brother or his sheep or goat cast off, and hide yourself from them; you shall surely return them to your brother.  2 If your brother is not near you and you do not know him, then gather it inside your house, and it shall remain with you until your brother inquires after it, and you return it to him.  3 So shall you do for his donkey, so shall you do for his garment, and so shall you do for any lost article of your brother that may become lost from him and you find it; you shall not hide yourself.

4 You shall not see the donkey of your brother or his ox falling on the road and hide yourself from them; you shall surely stand them up, with him.

5 Male garb shall not be on a woman, and a man shall not wear a feminine garment, for anyone who does so is an abomination of Hashem.

6 If a bird's nest happens to be before you on the road, on any tree or on the ground — young birds or eggs — and the mother is roosting on the young birds or the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young.  7 You shall surely send away the mother and take the young for yourself, so that it will be good for you and will prolong your days.

8 If you build a new house, you shall make a fence for your roof, so that you will not place blood in your house if a fallen one falls from it.

9 You shall not sow your field with a mixture, lest the growth of the seed that you plant and the produce of the vineyard become forbidden.

10 You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together.  11 You shall not wear combined fibers, wool and linen together.

12 You shall make for yourselves twisted threads on the four corners of your garment with which you cover yourself.

13 If a man marries a wife, and comes to her and hates her,  14 and he makes a wanton accusation against her, spreading a bad name against her, and he said, "I married this woman, and I came near to her and I did not find signs of virginity on her."  15 Then the father of the girl and her mother should take and bring proofs of the girl's virginity to the elders of the city, to the gate.  16 The father of the girl should say to the elders, "I gave my daughter to this man as a wife, and he hated her.  17 Now, behold! he made a wanton accusation against her, saying, 'I did not find signs of virginity on your daughter' — but these are the signs of virginity of my daughter!" And they should spread out the sheet before the elders of the city.

18 The elders of the city shall take that man and punish him.  19 And they shall fine him one hundred silver [shekels] and give them to the father of the girl, for he had issued a slander against a virgin of Israel, and she shall remain with him as a wife; he cannot divorce her all his days.

20 But if this matter was true — signs of virginity were not found on the girl;  21 then they shall take the girl to the entrance of her father's house and the people of her city shall pelt her with stones and she shall die, for she had committed an outrage in Israel, to commit adultery in her father's house, and you shall remove the evil from your midst.

22 If a man will be found lying with a woman who is married to a husband, then both of them shall die, the man who lay with the woman and the woman; and you shall remove the evil from Israel.

23 If there will be a virgin girl who is betrothed to a man, and a man finds her in the city and lies with her;  24 then you shall take them both to the gate of that city and pelt them with stones and they shall die - the girl because of the fact that she did not cry out in the city, and the man because of the fact that he afflicted the wife of his fellow; and you shall remove the evil from your midst.

25 But if it is in the field that the man will find the betrothed girl, and the man will seize her and lie with her, only the man who lies with her shall die.  26 But you shall do nothing to the girl, for the girl has committed no capital sin, for like a man who rises up against his fellow and murders him, so is this thing;  27 for he found her in the field, the betrothed girl cried out, but she had no savior.

28 If a man will find a virgin maiden who was not betrothed, and takes hold of her and lies with her, and they are discovered;  29 then the man who lay with her shall give the father of the girl fifty silver [shekels], and she shall become his wife, because he had afflicted her; he cannot divorce her all his life.

Chapter 23

1 Aman shall not marry the wife of his father; and he shall not uncover the robe of his father.  2 A man with crushed testicles or a severed organ shall not enter the congregation of Hashem.

3 A mamzer shall not enter the congregation of Hashem, even his tenth generation shall not enter the congregation of Hashem.

4 An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter the congregation of Hashem, even their tenth generation shall not enter the congregation of Hashem, to eternity;  5 because of the fact that they did not greet you with bread and water on the road when you were leaving Egypt, and because he hired against you Balaam son of Beor, of Pethor, Aram Naharaim, to curse you.  6 But Hashem, your God, refused to listen to Balaam, and Hashem, your God, reversed the curse to a blessing for you, because Hashem, your God, loved you.  7 You shall not seek their peace or welfare, all your days, forever.

8 You shall not reject an Edomite, for he is your brother; you shall not reject an Egyptian, for you were a sojourner in his land.  9 Children who are born to them in the third generation may enter the congregation of Hashem.

10 When a camp goes out against your enemies, you shall guard against anything evil.  11 If there will be among you a man who will not be clean because of a nocturnal occurrence, he shall go outside the camp; he shall not enter the midst of the camp.  12 When it will be toward evening, he shall immerse himself in the water, and when the sun sets, he may enter the midst of the camp.  13 You shall have a place outside the camp, and to it you shall go out.  14 You shall have a shovel in addition to your weapons, and it will be that when you sit outside, you shall dig with it; you shall go back and cover your excrement.  15 For Hashem, your God, walks in the midst of your camp to rescue you and to deliver your enemies before you; so your camp shall be holy, so that He will not see a shameful thing among you and turn away from behind you.

16 You shall not turn over to his master a slave who is rescued from his master to you.  17 He shall dwell with you in your midst, in whatever place he will choose in one of your cities, which is beneficial to him; you shall not taunt him.

18 There shall not be a promiscuous woman among the daughters of Israel, and there shall not be a promiscuous man among the sons of Israel.  19 You shall not bring a harlot's hire or the exchange for a dog to the House of Hashem, your God, for any vow, for both of them are an abomination of Hashem, your God.

20 You shall not cause your brother to take interest, interest of money or interest of food, interest of anything that he may take as interest.  21 You may cause a gentile to take interest, but you may not cause your brother to take interest, so that Hashem, your God, will bless you in your every undertaking on the Land to which you are coming, to possess it.

22 When you make a vow to Hashem, your God, you shall not be late in paying it, for Hashem, your God, will demand it of you, and there will be a sin in you.  23 If you refrain from vowing, there will be no sin in you.  24 You shall observe and carry out what emerges from your lips, just as you vowed a voluntary gift to Hashem, your God, whatever you spoke with your mouth.

25 When you come into the vineyard of your fellow, you may eat grapes as is your desire, to your fill, but you may not put into your vessel.

26 When you come into the standing grain of your fellow, you may pluck from the ears with your hand, but you may not lift a sickle against the standing grain of your fellow.

Chapter 24

1 If a man marries a woman and lives with her, and it will be that she will not find favor in his eyes, for he found in her a matter of immorality, and he wrote her a bill of divorce and presented it into her hand, and sent her from his house;  2 and she left his house and went and married another man;  3 and the latter man hated her and wrote her a bill of divorce and presented it into her hand and sent her from his house, or the latter man who married her to himself will die;  4 her first husband who divorced her shall not again take her to become his wife, after she had been defiled, for it is an abomination before Hashem. You shall not bring sin upon the Land that Hashem, your God, gives you as an inheritance.

5 When a man marries a new wife, he shall not go out to the army, nor shall it obligate him for any matter; he shall be free for his home for one year, and he shall gladden his wife whom he has married.

6 One shall not take an upper or lower millstone as a pledge, for he would be taking a life as a pledge.

7 If a man is found kidnaping a person of his brethren among the Children of Israel, and he enslaves him and sells him, that kidnaper shall die, and you shall remove the evil from your midst.

8 Beware of a tzaraas affliction, to be very careful and to act; according to everything that the Kohanim, the Levites, shall teach you — as I have commanded them — you shall be careful to perform.  9 Remember what Hashem, your God, did to Miriam on the way, when you were leaving Egypt.

10 When you make your fellow a loan of any amount, you shall not enter his home to take security for it.  11 You shall stand outside; and the man to whom you lend shall bring the security to you outside.  12 If that man is poor, you shall not sleep with his security.  13 You shall return the security to him when the sun sets, and he will sleep in his garment and bless you, and for you it will be an act of righteousness before Hashem, your God.

14 You shall not cheat a poor or destitute hired person among your brethren, or a proselyte who is in your Land, or one who is in your cities.  15 On that day shall you pay his hire; the sun shall not set upon him, for he is poor, and his life depends on it; let him not call out against you to Hashem, for it shall be a sin in you.

16 Fathers shall not be put to death because of sons, and sons shall not be put to death because of fathers; a man should be put to death for his own sin.

17 You shall not pervert the judgment of a proselyte or orphan, and you shall not take the garment of a widow as a pledge.  18 You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and Hashem, your God, redeemed you from there; therefore I command you to do this thing.

19 When you reap your harvest in your field, and you forget a bundle in the field, you shall not turn back to take it; it shall be for the proselyte, the orphan, and the widow, so that Hashem, your God, will bless you in all your handiwork.

20 When you beat your olive tree, do not remove all the splendor behind you; it shall be for the proselyte, the orphan, and the widow.  21 When you harvest your vineyard, you shall not glean behind you; it shall be for the proselyte, the orphan, and the widow.  22 You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, therefore I command you to do this thing.

Chapter 25

1 When there will be a grievance between people, and they approach the court, and they judge them, and they vindicate the righteous one and find the wicked one guilty;  2 it will be that if the wicked one is liable to lashes, the judge shall cast him down and strike him, before him, according to his wickedness, by a count.  3 Forty shall he strike him, he shall not add; lest he strike him an additional blow beyond these, and your brother will be degraded in your eyes.  4 You shall not muzzle an ox in its threshing.

5 When brothers dwell together and one of them dies, and he has no child, the wife of the deceased shall not marry outside to a strange man; her brother-in-law shall come to her, and take her to himself as a wife, and perform levirate marriage.  6 It shall be that the firstborn — if she can bear — shall succeed to the name of his dead brother, so that his name not be blotted out from Israel.  7 But if the man will not wish to marry his sister-in law, then his sister-in-law shall ascend to the gate, to the elders, and she shall say, "My brother-in-law refuses to establish a name for his brother in Israel, he did not consent to perform levirate marriage with me."

8 Then the elders of his city shall summon him and speak to him, and he shall stand and say, "I do not wish to marry her."

9 Then his sister-in-law shall approach him before the eyes of the elders; she shall remove his shoe from on his foot and spit before him; she shall speak up and say, "So is done to the man who will not build the house of his brother."  10 Then his name shall be proclaimed in Israel, "The house of the one whose shoe was removed!"

11 If men fight with one another, a man and his brother, and the wife of one of them approaches to rescue her husband from the hand of the one who is striking him, and she stretches out her hand and grasps his embarrassing place;  12 you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not show pity.

13 You shall not have in your pouch a weight and a weight — a large one and a small one.  14 And you shall not have in your house a measure and a measure — a large one and a small one.  15 A perfect and honest weight shall you have, a perfect and honest measure shall you have, so that your days shall be lengthened on the Land that Hashem, your God, gives you.  16 For an abomination of Hashem, your God, are all who do this, all who act corruptly.

17 Remember what Amalek did to you, on the way when you were leaving Egypt;  18 that he happened upon you on the way, and he struck those of you who were hindmost, all the weaklings at your rear, when you were faint and exhausted, and he did not fear God.  19 It shall be that when Hashem, your God, gives you rest from all your enemies all around, in the Land that Hashem, your God, gives you as an inheritance to possess it, you shall wipe out the memory of Amalek from under the heaven — you shall not forget!

 


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