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Bamidbar/Numbers  19:1 - 22:1

Chapter 19

1 Hashem spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,  2 This is the decree of the Torah, which Hashem has commanded, saying - Speak to the Children of Israel, and they shall take to you a completely red cow, which is without blemish, and upon which a yoke has not come.  3 You shall give it to Elazar the Kohen; he shall take it to the outside of the camp and someone shall slaughter it in his presence.  4 Elazar the Kohen shall take some of its blood with his forefinger, and sprinkle some of its blood toward the Tent of Meeting seven times.  5 Someone shall burn the cow before his eyes — its hide, and its flesh, and its blood, with its dung, shall he burn.  6 The Kohen shall take cedarwood, hyssop, and crimson thread, and he shall throw them into the burning of the cow.

7 The Kohen shall immerse his clothing and immerse himself in water, and afterwards he may enter the camp; and the Kohen shall remain contaminated until evening.  8 The one who burns it shall immerse his clothing and immerse himself in water; and he shall remain contaminated until evening.  9 A pure man shall gather the ash of the cow and place it outside the camp in a pure place. For the assembly of Israel it shall remain as a safekeeping, for water of sprinkling; it is for purification.  10 The one who gathered the ash of the cow shall immerse his clothing and remain contaminated until evening. It shall be for the Children of Israel and for the proselyte who dwells among them as an eternal decree.

11 Whoever touches the corpse of any human being shall be contaminated for seven days.  12 He shall purify himself with it on the third day and on the seventh day become pure; but if he will not purify himself on the third day, then on the seventh day he will not become pure.  13 Whoever touches the dead body of a human being who will have died and will not have purified himself — if he shall have contaminated the Tabernacle of Hashem, that person shall be cut off from Israel; because the water of sprinkling has not been thrown upon him, he shall remain contaminated; his contamination is still upon him.

14 This is the teaching regarding a man who would die in a tent - Anything that enters the tent and anything that is in the tent shall be contaminated for seven days.  15 Any open vessel that has no cover fastened to it is contaminated.  16 On the open field - Anyone who touches one slain by the sword, or one that died, or a human bone, or a grave, shall be contaminated for seven days.  17 They shall take for the contaminated person some of the ashes of the burning of the purification [animal], and put upon it spring water in a vessel.  18 A pure man shall take hyssop and dip it in the water, and sprinkle upon the tent, upon all the vessels, upon the people who were there, and upon the one who touched the bone, or the slain one, or the one that died, or the grave.  19 The pure person shall sprinkle upon the contaminated person on the third day and on the seventh day, and shall purify him on the seventh day; then he shall immerse his clothing and immerse himself in water and become purified in the evening.  20 But a man who becomes contaminated and does not purify himself, that person shall be cut off from the midst of the congregation, if he shall have contaminated the Sanctuary of Hashem; because the water of sprinkling has not been thrown upon him, he is contaminated.

21 This shall be for them an eternal decree. And the one who sprinkles the water of sprinkling shall immerse his clothing, and one who touches water of sprinkling shall be contaminated until evening.  22 Anything that the contaminated one may touch shall become contaminated, and the person who touches him shall become contaminated until evening.

Chapter 20

1 The Children of Israel, the whole assembly, arrived at the Wilderness of Zin in the first month and the people settled in Kadesh. Miriam died there and she was buried there.  2 There was no water for the assembly, and they gathered against Moses and Aaron.  3 The people quarreled with Moses and spoke up saying, "If only we had perished as our brethren perished before Hashem.  4 Why have you brought the congregation of Hashem to this wilderness to die there, we and our animals?  5 And why did you have us ascend from Egypt to bring us to this evil place? — not a place of seed, or fig, or grape, or pomegranate; and there is no water to drink!"

6 Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the congregation to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and fell on their faces. The glory of Hashem appeared to them.

7 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying,  8 "Take the staff and gather together the assembly, you and Aaron your brother, and speak to the rock before their eyes that it shall give its waters. You shall bring forth for them water from the rock and give drink to the assembly and to their animals."

9 Moses took the staff from before Hashem, as He had commanded him.  10 Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation before the rock and he said to them, "Listen now, O rebels, shall we bring forth water for you from this rock?"  11 Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock with his staff twice; abundant water came forth and the assembly and their animals drank.

12 Hashem said to Moses and to Aaron, "Because you did not believe in Me to sanctify Me in the eyes of the Children of Israel, therefore you will not bring this congregation to the Land that I have given them."  13 They are the waters of strife, where the Children of Israel contended with Hashem, and He was sanctified through them.

14 Moses sent emissaries from Kadesh to the king of Edom - "So said your brother Israel - You know all the hardship that has befallen us.  15 Our forefathers descended to Egypt and we dwelled in Egypt many years, and the Egyptians did evil to us and to our forefathers.  16 We cried out to Hashem and He heard our voice; he sent an emissary and took us out of Egypt. Now behold! we are in Kadesh, a city at the edge of your border.  17 Let us pass through your land; we shall not pass through field or vineyard, and we shall not drink well water; on the king's road shall we travel — we shall not veer right or left — until we pass through your border."

18 The king of Edom said to him, "You shall not pass through me — lest I come against you with the sword!"

19 The Children of Israel said to him, "We shall go up on the highway, and if we drink your water — I or my flock — I shall pay their price.Only nothing will happen; let me pass through on foot."

20 He said, "You shall not pass through!" Then Edom went out against him with a massive throng and a strong hand.  21 So Edom refused to permit Israel to pass through his border, and Israel turned away from near him.

22 They journeyed from Kadesh and the Children of Israel arrived — the entire assembly — at Mount Hor.  23 Hashem said to Moses and Aaron at Mount Hor by the border of the land of Edom, saying,  24 "Aaron shall be gathered to his people, for he shall not enter the Land that I have given to the Children of Israel, because you defied My word at the waters of strife.  25 Take Aaron and Elazar his son and bring them up to Mount Hor.  26 Strip Aaron of his vestments and dress Elazar his son in them; Aaron shall be gathered in and die there."

27 Moses did as Hashem commanded, and they ascended Mount Hor before the eyes of the entire assembly.  28 Moses stripped Aaron's garments from him and dressed Elazar his son in them; then Aaron died there on Mount Hor, and Moses and Elazar descended from the mountain.  29 When the entire assembly saw that Aaron had perished, they wept for Aaron thirty days, the entire House of Israel.

Chapter 21

1 The Canaanite king of Arad, who dwelled in the south, heard that Israel had come by the route of the spies, and he warred against Israel and took a captive from it.  2 Israel made a vow to Hashem and said, "If He will deliver this people into my hand, I will consecrate their cities."  3 Hashem heard the voice of Israel, and He delivered the Canaanite, and it consecrated them and their cities. It named the place Hormah.

4 They journeyed from Mount Hor by way of the Sea of Reeds to go around the land of Edom, and the spirit of the people grew short on the way.  5 The people spoke against God and Moses - "Why did you bring us up from Egypt to die in this Wilderness, for there is no food and no water, and our soul is disgusted with the insubstantial food?"

6 God sent the fiery serpents against the people and they bit the people. A large multitude of Israel died.  7 The people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned, for we have spoken against Hashem and against you! Pray to Hashem that He remove from us the serpent." Moses prayed for the people.

8 Hashem said to Moses, "Make yourself a fiery [serpent] and place it on a pole, and it will be that anyone who was bitten will look at it and live."  9 Moses made a serpent of copper and placed it on the pole; so it was that if the serpent bit a man, he would stare at the copper serpent and live.

10 The Children of Israel journeyed and encamped at Oboth.  11 They journeyed from Oboth and encamped in the desolate passes in the wilderness facing Moab, towards the rising sun.  12 From there they journeyed and encamped in the valley of Zered.  13 From there they journeyed and encamped on the other side of Arnon, which is in the wilderness that juts out from the border of the Amorite; for Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorite.  14 Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of Hashem - "The gift of [the Sea of] Reeds and the rivers of Arnon;  15 the outpouring of the rivers when it veered to dwell at Ar, and leaned against the border of Moab.

16 And from there to the well — of which Hashem said to Moses, 'Assemble the people and I shall give them water.' "

17 Then Israel sang this song - "Come up, O well, announce it.

18 Well that the princes dug, that the nobles of the people excavated, through a lawgiver, with their staff. A gift from the Wilderness —  19 the gift went to the valley, and from the valley to the heights,  20 and from the heights to the valley in the field of Moab, at the top of the peak, overlooking the surface of the wilderness."

21 Israel sent emissaries to Sihon, king of the Amorite, saying,  22 "Let me pass through your land; we shall not turn off to field or vineyard; we shall not drink well water; on the king's road shall we travel, until we pass through your border."

23 But Sihon did not permit Israel to pass through his border, and Sihon assembled his entire people and went out against Israel to the Wilderness. He arrived at Jahaz and waged war against Israel.  24 Israel smote him with the edge of the sword and took possession of his land, from Arnon to Jabbok to the children of Ammon — for the border of the children of Ammon was powerful.  25 Israel took all these cities, and Israel settled in all the Amorite cities, in Heshbon and all its suburbs.  26 For Heshbon — it was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorite; and he had warred against the first king of Moab and took all his land from his control, until Arnon.  27 Regarding this the poets would say - "Come to Heshbon — let it be built and established as the city of Sihon.

28 For a fire has come forth from Heshbon a flame from the city of Sihon. It consumed Ar of Moab, the masters of Arnon's heights.

29 Woe to you, O Moab, you are lost, O people of Chemosh! He made your sons fugitives and your daughters captives of the king of the Amorite, Sihon.

30 Their sovereignty over Heshbon was lost, Dibon was removed, and we laid waste to Nophah, which reaches up to Medeba."

31 Israel settled in the land of the Amorites.  32 Moses sent to spy out Jazer and they conquered its suburbs; and he drove away the Amorites that were there.  33 They turned and ascended by way of Bashan; Og, king of Bashan, went out against them, he and his entire people, to do battle at Edrei.  34 Hashem said to Moses, "Do not fear him, for into your hand have I given him, his entire people, and his land; you shall do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwells in Heshbon."  35 They smote him, his sons, and all his people, until there was no survivor left of him, and they took possession of his land.

Chapter 22

1 The Children of Israel journeyed and encamped in the plains of Moab, on the bank of the Jordan, opposite Jericho.


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