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Shemos/Exodus  10:1 - 13:16

Chapter 10

1 Hashem said to Moses, "Come to Pharaoh, for I have made his heart and the heart of his servants stubborn so that I can put these signs of Mine in his midst.  2 and so that you may relate in the ears of your son and your son's son that I made a mockery of Egypt and My signs that I placed among them — that you may know that I am Hashem."

3 Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and said to him, "So said Hashem, God of the Hebrews - Until when will you refuse to be humbled before Me? Send out My people that they may serve Me.  4 For if you refuse to send forth My people, behold, tomorrow I shall bring a locust-swarm into your border.  5 It will cover the surface of the earth so that one will not be able to see the earth; and it will consume the remaining residue that was left to you by the hail, and it will consume all the trees that grow for you from the field.  6 They will fill your houses, the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all Egypt, such as your fathers and your grandfathers have not seen from the day they came onto the earth until this day." And he turned and left Pharaoh's presence.

7 Pharaoh's servants said to him, "How long will this be a snare for us? Send out the men that they may serve Hashem, their God! Do you not yet know that Egypt is lost? "

8 So Moses and Aaron were returned to Pharaoh and he said to them, "Go and serve Hashem, your God; which ones are going?"

9 Moses said, "With our youngsters and with our elders shall we go; with our sons and with our daughters, with our flock and with our cattle shall we go, because it is a festival of Hashem for us."

10 He said to them, "So be Hashem with you as I will send you forth with your children! Look — the evil intent is opposite your faces.  11 Not so; let the men go now. Serve Hashem, for that is what you seek!" And he drove them out from Pharaoh's presence.

12 Hashem said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locust-swarm, and it will ascend upon the land of Egypt and eat all the grass of the land, everything that the hail had left."  13 Moses stretched his staff over the land of Egypt, and Hashem guided an east wind through the land all that day and all the night. It became morning and the east wind carried the locust-swarm.  14 The locust-swarm ascended over the entire land of Egypt and it rested in the entire border of Egypt, very severely; before it there was never a locust-swarm like it and after it there will not be its equal.  15 It covered the surface of the entire land and the land was darkened; it ate all the grass of the land and all the fruit of the tree that the hail left over. No greenery remained on the trees or the grass of the field in the entire land of Egypt.

16 Pharaoh hastened to summon Moses and Aaron and he said, "I have sinned to Hashem, your God, and to you.  17 And now, please forgive my sin just this time, and entreat Hashem, your God, that He remove from me only this death."

18 He left Pharaoh and entreated Hashem.  19 Hashem turned back a very powerful west wind and it carried the locust-swarm and hurled it toward the Sea of Reeds; not a single locust remained within the entire border of Egypt.  20 But Hashem strengthened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not send out the Children of Israel.

21 Hashem said to Moses, "Stretch forth your hand toward the heavens, and there shall be darkness upon the land of Egypt, and the darkness will be tangible".  22 Moses stretched forth his hand toward the heavens and there was a thick darkness throughout the land of Egypt for a three-day period.  23 No man could see his brother nor could anyone rise from his place for a three-day period; but for all the Children of Israel there was light in their dwellings.

24 Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, "Go — serve Hashem, only your flock and cattle shall remain behind; even your children may go with you."

25 Moses said, "Even you will place in our hands feast-offerings and elevation-offerings, and we shall offer them to Hashem, our God.  26 And our livestock, as well, will go with us — not a hoof will be left — for from it shall we take to serve Hashem, our God; and we will not know with what we are to serve Hashem until our arrival there."

27 Hashem strengthened the heart of Pharaoh and he did not wish to send them out.  27 Pharaoh said to him, "Go from me! Beware — do not see my face any more, for on the day you see my face you shall die!"

29 Moses said, "You have spoken correctly. I shall never see your face again."

Chapter 11

1 Hashem said to Moses, "One more plague shall I bring upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt; after that he shall send you forth from here. When he sends forth, it shall be complete — he shall drive you out of here.  2 Please speak in the ears of the people - Let each man request of his fellow and each woman from her fellow silver vessels and gold vessels."  3 Hashem granted the people favor in the eyes of Egypt; moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the eyes of the servants of Pharaoh and in the eyes of the people.

4 Moses said, "So said Hashem, 'At about midnight I shall go out in the midst of Egypt.  5 Every firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the maidservant who is behind the millstone and all the firstborn of beast.  6 There shall be a great outcry in the entire land of Egypt, such as there has never been and such as there shall never be again.  7 But against all the Children of Israel, no dog shall whet its tongue, against neither man nor beast, so that you shall know that Hashem will have differentiated between Egypt and Israel.'  8 Then all these servants of yours will come down to me and bow to me, saying, 'Leave — you and the entire people that follows you.' After that, I will leave!" And he left Pharaoh's presence in a burning anger.

9 Hashem said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not heed you, so that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt."  10 So Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but Hashem strengthened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not send out the Children of Israel from his land.

Chapter 12

1 Hashem said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,  2 "This month shall be for you the beginning of the months, it shall be for you the first of the months of the year.

3 "Speak to the entire assembly of Israel, saying: On the tenth of this month they shall take for themselves — each man — a lamb or kid for each father's house, a lamb or kid for the household.  4 But if the household is too small for a lamb or kid, then he and his neighbor who is near his house shall take according to the number of people; everyone according to what he eats shall be counted for the lamb or kid.  5 An unblemished lamb or kid, a male, within its first year shall it be for you; from the sheep or goats shall you take it.  6 It shall be yours for examination until the fourteenth day of this month; the entire congregation of the assembly of Israel shall slaughter it in the afternoon.  7 They shall take some of its blood and place it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they will eat it.  8 They shall eat the flesh on that night — roasted over the fire — and matzos; with bitter herbs shall they eat it.

9 "You shall not eat it partially roasted or cooked in water; only roasted over fire — its head, its legs, with its innards.  10 You shall not leave any of it until morning; any of it that is left until morning you shall burn in the fire.

11 "So shall you eat it - your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; you shall eat it in haste — it is a pesach-offering to Hashem.

12 "I shall go through Egypt on this night, and I shall strike every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from man to beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I shall mete out punishment — I am Hashem.  13 The blood shall be a sign for you upon the houses where you are; when I see the blood I shall pass over you; there shall not be a plague of destruction upon you when I strike in the land of Egypt.

14 "This day shall become a remembrance for you and you shall celebrate it as a festival for Hashem; for your generations, as an eternal decree shall you celebrate it.  15 For a seven-day period shall you eat matzos, but on the previous day you shall nullify the leaven from your homes; for anyone who eats leavened food — that soul shall be cut off from Israel, from the first day to the seventh day.

16 "On the first day shall be a holy convocation and on the seventh day shall be a holy convocation for you, no work may be done on them, except for what must be eaten for any person — only that may be done for you.

17 "You shall safeguard the matzos, for on this very day I will have taken your legions out of the land of Egypt; you shall observe this day for your generations as an eternal decree.  18 On the first day, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening shall you eat matzos, until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening.

19 "For seven days, leaven may not be found in your houses, for anyone who eats leavening — that soul shall be cut off from the assembly of Israel, whether a convert or a native of the land.  20 You shall not eat any leavening; in all your dwellings shall you eat matzos."

21 Moses called to all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Draw forth or buy for yourselves one of the flock for your families, and slaughter the pesach-offering.  22 You shall take a bundle of hyssop and dip it into the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with some of the blood that is in the basin, and as for you, you shall not leave the entrance of the house until morning.  23 Hashem will pass through to smite Egypt, and He will see the blood that is on the lintel and the two doorposts; and Hashem will pass over the entrance and He will not permit the destroyer to enter your homes to smite.  24 You shall observe this matter as a decree for yourself and for your children forever.

25 "It shall be that when you come to the land that Hashem will give you, as He has spoken, you shall observe this service.  26 And it shall be that when your children say to you, 'What is this service to you?'  27 You shall say, 'It is a pesach feast-offering to Hashem, Who passed over the houses of the Children of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but He saved our households,' " and the people bowed their heads and prostrated themselves.  28 The Children of Israel went and did as Hashem commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they do.

29 It was at midnight that Hashem smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh sitting on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and every firstborn animal.  30 Pharaoh rose up at midnight, he and all his servants and all Egypt, and there was a great outcry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was no corpse.  31 He called to Moses and Aaron at night and said, "Rise up, go out from among my people, even you, even the Children of Israel; go and serve Hashem as you have spoken.

32 Take even your sheep and even your cattle, as you have spoken, and go — and bless me, as well!"

33 Egypt imposed itself strongly upon the people to hasten to send them out of the land, for they said, "We are all dying!"

34 The people picked up its dough before it could become leavened, their leftovers bound up in their garments upon their shoulders.  35 The Children of Israel carried out the word of Moses; they requested from the Egyptians silver vessels, gold vessels, and garments.  36 Hashem gave the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians and they granted their request — so they emptied Egypt.

37 The Children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.  38 Also a mixed multitude went up with them, and flock and cattle, very much livestock.  39 They baked the dough that they took out of Egypt into unleavened cakes, for they could not be leavened, for they were driven from Egypt for they could not delay, nor had they made provisions for themselves.  40 The habitation of the Children of Israel during which they dwelled in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.  41 It was at the end of four hundred and thirty years, and it was on that very day that all the legions of Hashem left the land of Egypt.  42 It is a night of anticipation for Hashem to take them out of the land of Egypt, this was the night for Hashem; a protection for all the Children of Israel for their generations.

43 Hashem said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the decree of the pesach-offering - no alienated person may eat from it.  44 Every slave of a man, who was bought for money, you shall circumcise him; then he may eat of it.  45 A sojourner and a hired laborer may not eat it.  46 In one house shall it be eaten; you shall not remove any of the meat from the house to the outside, and you shall not break a bone in it.  47 The entire assembly of Israel shall perform it.

48 "When a proselyte sojourns among you he shall make the pesach-offering for Hashem; each of his males shall be circumcised, and then he may draw near to perform it and he shall be like the native of the land; no uncircumcised male may eat of it.  49 One law shall there be for the native and the proselyte who lives among you."  50 All the Children of Israel did as Hashem had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they do.

51 It happened on that very day - Hashem took the Children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, in their legions.

Chapter 13

1 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying:  2 "Sanctify to Me every firstborn, the first issue of every womb among the Children of Israel, of man and beast, is Mine."

3 Moses said to the people, "Remember this day on which you departed from Egypt, from the house of bondage, for with a strong hand God removed you from here, and therefore chametz may not be eaten.  4 Today you are leaving, in the month of springtime.  5 And it shall come to pass when Hashem shall bring you to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Emorite, the Hivvite, and the Jebusite, which He swore to your forefathers to give you — a land flowing with milk and honey — you shall perform this service in this month.  6 For a seven-day period shall you eat matzos, and on the seventh day there shall be a festival to Hashem.  7 Matzos shall be eaten throughout the seven-day period; no chametz may be seen in your possession, nor may leaven be seen in your possession in all your borders.  8 And you shall tell your son on that day, saying, 'It is because of this that Hashem acted on my behalf when I left Egypt.'  9 And it shall be for you a sign on your arm and a reminder between your eyes — so that Hashem's Torah may be in your mouth — for with a strong hand Hashem removed you from Egypt.  10 You shall observe this decree at its designated time from year to year.

11 "It shall come to pass, when Hashem will bring you to the land of the Canaanites, as He swore to you and your forefathers, and He will have given it to you;  12 then you shall set apart every first issue of the womb to Hashem, and of every first issue that is dropped by livestock that belong to you, the males are Hashem's.  13 Every first issue donkey, you shall redeem with a lamb or kid; if you do not redeem it, you shall axe the back of its neck. And you shall redeem every human firstborn among your sons.  14 And it shall be when your son will ask you at some future time, 'What is this?' you shall say to him, 'With a strong hand Hashem removed us from Egypt form the house of bondage.  15 And it happened when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to send us out, that Hashem killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of man to the firstborn of beast. Therefore I offer to Hashem all male first issue of the womb, and I shall redeem all the firstborn of my sons.  16 And it shall be a sign upon your arm, and an ornament between your eyes, for with a strong hand Hashem removed us from Egypt.'"


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