Shemos/Exodus 13:17 - 17:16
17 It happened when Pharaoh sent out the people that God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, because it was near, for God said, "Perhaps the people will reconsider when they see a war, and they will return to Egypt." 18 So God turned the people toward the way of the Wilderness to the Sea of Reeds. The Children of Israel were armed when they went up from Egypt. 19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had firmly adjured the Children of Israel, saying, "God will surely remember you, and you shall bring up my bones from here with you."
20 They journeyed from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, at the edge of the Wilderness. 21 Hashem went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them on the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel day and night. 22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night from before the people.
1 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying, 2 "Speak to the Children of Israel and let them turn back and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon; you shall encamp opposite it, by the sea. 3 Pharaoh will say of the Children of Israel, 'They are locked in the land, the Wilderness has locked them in.' 4 I shall strengthen the heart of Pharaoh and he will pursue them, and I will be glorified through Pharaoh and his entire army, and Egypt will know that I am Hashem." And so they did.
5 It was told to the king of Egypt that the people had fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants became transformed regarding the people, and they said, "What is this that we have done that we have sent away Israel from serving us? "
6 He harnessed his chariot and attracted his people with him. 7 He took six hundred elite chariots and all the chariots of Egypt, with officers on them all. 8 Hashem strengthened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he pursued the Children of Israel — and the Children of Israel were going out with an upraised arm.
9 Egypt pursued them and overtook them, encamped by the sea — all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen and army — by Pi-hahiroth before Baal-zephon, 10 Pharaoh approached; the Children of Israel raised their eyes and behold! — Egypt was journeying after them, and they were very frightened; the Children of Israel cried out to Hashem. 11 They said to Moses, "Were there no graves in Egypt that you took us to die in the Wilderness? What is this that you have done to us to take us out of Egypt? 12 Is this not the statement that we made to you in Egypt, saying, 'Let us be and we will serve Egypt'? — for it is better that we should serve Egypt than that we should die in the Wilderness!"
13 Moses said to the people, "Do not fear! Stand fast and see the salvation of Hashem that He will perform for you today; for as you have seen Egypt today, you shall not see them ever again. 14 Hashem shall do battle for you, and you shall remain silent."
15 Hashem said to Moses, "Why do you cry out to Me? Speak to the Children of Israel and let them journey forth! 16 And you — lift up your staff and stretch out your arm over the sea and split it; and the Children of Israel shall come into the midst of the sea on dry land. 17 And I — behold! — I shall strengthen the heart of Egypt and they will come after them; and I will be glorified through Pharaoh and through his entire army, through his chariots and through his horse men. 18 Egypt will know that I am Hashem, when I am glorified through Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen."
19 The angel of God who had been going in front of the Children of Israel moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from in front of them and went behind them. 20 It came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel and there were cloud and darkness — while it illuminated the night — and one did not draw near the other all the night. 21 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and Hashem moved the sea with a strong east wind all the night, and He turned the sea to damp land and the water split. 22 The Children of Israel came within the sea on dry land; and the water was a wall for them, on their right and on their left.
23 Egypt pursued and came after them — every horse of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen — into the midst of the sea. 24 It happened at the morning watch that Hashem looked down at the camp of Egypt with a pillar of fire and cloud, and He confounded the camp of Egypt. 25 He removed the wheels of their chariots and caused them to drive with difficulty. Egypt said, "I shall flee before Israel, for Hashem is waging war for them against Egypt."
26 Hashem said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, and the water will go back upon Egypt, upon its chariots and upon its horsemen." 27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and toward morning the water went back to its power as the Egyptians were fleeing toward it; and Hashem churned Egypt in the midst of the sea. 28 The water came back and covered the chariots and the horsemen of the entire army of Pharaoh, who were coming behind them in the sea — there remained not a one of them. 29 The Children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea; the water was a wall for them, on their right and on their left.
30 On that day, Hashem saved Israel from the hand of Egypt, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Israel saw the great hand that Hashem inflicted upon Egypt; and the people revered Hashem, and they had faith in Hashem and in Moses, His servant.
1 Then Moses and the Children of Israel chose to sing this song to Hashem, and they said the following - I shall sing to Hashem for He is exalted above the arrogant, having hurled horse with its rider into the sea.
2 The might and vengeance of God was salvation for me. This is my God and I will build Him a Sanctuary; the God of my father and I will exalt Him.
3 Hashem is Master of war — His Name is Hashem.
4 Pharaoh's chariots and army He threw in the sea, and the pick of his officers were mired in the Sea of Reeds.
5 Deep waters covered them; they descended in the depths like stone.
6 Your right hand, Hashem, is glorified with strength; Your right hand, Hashem, smashes the enemy.
7 In Your abundant grandeur You shatter Your opponents; You send forth Your wrath, it consumes them like straw.
8 At a blast from Your nostrils the waters were heaped up; straight as a wall stood the running water, the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy declared, "I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide plunder; I will satisfy my lust with them. I will unsheathe my sword, my hand will impoverish them."
10 You blew with Your wind — the sea enshrouded them; the mighty sank like lead in water.
11 Who is like You among the heavenly powers, Hashem! Who is like You, mighty in holiness, too awesome for praise, Doer of wonders.
12 You stretched out Your right hand — the earth swallowed them.
13 With Your kindness You guided this people that You redeemed; You led with Your might to Your holy abode.
14 Peoples heard — they were agitated; terror gripped the dwellers of Philistia.
15 Then the chieftains of Edom were confounded, trembling gripped the powers of Moab, all the dwellers of Canaan dissolved.
16 May fear and terror befall them, at the greatness of Your arm may they be still as stone; until your people passes through, Hashem — until this people You have acquired passes through.
17 You will bring them and implant them on the mount of Your heritage, the foundation of Your dwelling-place that You, Hashem, have made — the Sanctuary, my Lord, that Your hands established.
18 Hashem shall reign for all eternity!
19 When Pharaoh's cavalry came with his chariots and horsemen into the sea and Hashem turned back the waters of the sea upon them, the Children of Israel walked on the dry land amid the sea.
20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took her drum in her hand and all the women went forth after her with drums and with dances. 21 Miriam spoke up to them, "Sing to Hashem for He is exalted above the arrogant, having hurled horse with its rider into the sea."
22 Moses caused Israel to journey from the Sea of Reeds and they went out to the Wilderness of Shur; they went for a three-day period in the Wilderness, but they did not find water. 23 They came to Marah, but they could not drink the waters of Marah because they were bitter; therefore they named it Marah. 24 The people complained against Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?"
25 He cried out to Hashem, and Hashem showed him a tree; he threw it into the water and the water became sweet. There He established for [the nation] a decree and an ordinance, and there He tested it. 26 He said, "If you hearken diligently to the voice of Hashem, your God, and do what is just in His eyes, give ear to His commandments and observe all His decrees, then any of the diseases that I placed upon Egypt, I will not bring upon you, for I am Hashem, your Healer."
27 They arrived at Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date-palms; they encamped there by the water.
1 They journeyed from Elim, and the entire assembly of the Children of Israel arrived at the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month from their departure from the land of Egypt. 2 The entire assembly of the Children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in the Wilderness. 3 The Children of Israel said to them, "If only we had died by the hand of Hashem in the land of Egypt, as we sat by the pot of meat, when we ate bread to satiety, for you have taken us out to this Wilderness to kill this entire congregation by famine."
4 Hashem said to Moses, "Behold! — I shall rain down for you food from heaven; let the people go out and pick each day's portion on its day, so that I can test them, whether they will follow My teaching or not. 5 And it shall be that on the sixth day when they prepare what they bring, it will be double what they pick every day."
6 Moses and Aaron said to all the Children of Israel, "In the evening, you shall know that Hashem took you out of the land of Egypt. 7 And in the morning you will see the glory of Hashem, that He has heard your complaints against Hashem — for what are we that you should incite complaints against us?" 8 and Moses said, "When, in the evening, Hashem gives you meat to eat and bread to satiety in the morning, as Hashem hears your complaints that you complain against Him — for what are we? — not against us are your complaints, but against Hashem!"
9 Moses said to Aaron, "Say to the entire assembly of the Children of Israel, 'Approach the presence of Hashem, for He has heard your complaints.' " 10 When Aaron spoke to the entire assembly of the Children of Israel, they turned to the Wilderness and behold! — the glory of Hashem appeared in a cloud.
11 Hashem spoke to Moses, saying, 12 "I have heard the complaints of the Children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, 'In the afternoon you shall eat meat and in the morning you shall be sated with bread, and you shall know that I am Hashem, your God.' "
13 It was toward evening that the quail ascended and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 The layer of dew ascended and behold! — upon the surface of the Wilderness was something thin, exposed — thin as frost on the earth. 15 The Children of Israel saw and said to one another, "It is food!" — for they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, "This is the food that HASHEM has given you for eating. 16 This is the thing that HASHEM has commanded, 'Gather from it, for every man according to what he eats — an omer per person — according to the number of your people, everyone according to whomever is in his tent shall you take.
17 ' " The Children of Israel did so and they gathered, whoever took more and whoever took less. 18 They measured in an omer and whoever took more had nothing extra and whoever took less was not lacking; everyone according to what he eats had they gathered.
19 Moses said to them, "No man may leave over from it until morning. 20 " But they did not obey Moses and people left over from it until morning and it became infested with worms and it stank; and Moses became angry with them. 21 They gathered it morning by morning, every man according to what he eats, and when the sun grew hot it melted.
22 It happened on the sixth day that they gathered a double portion of food, two omers for each; and all the princes of the assembly came and told Moses. 23 He said to them, "This is what HASHEM had spoken; tomorrow is a rest day, a holy Sabbath to HASHEM. Bake what you wish to bake and cook what you wish to cook; and whatever is left over, put away for yourselves as a safekeeping until the morning. 24 They put it away until morning, as Moses had commanded; it did not stink and there was no infestation in it.
25 Moses said, "Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath for Hashem; today you shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days shall you gather it, but the seventh day is a Sabbath, on it there will be none." 27 It happened on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, and they did not find.
28 Hashem said to Moses, "How long will you refuse to observe My commandments and My teachings? 29 See that Hashem has given you the Sabbath; that is why He gives you on the sixth day a two-day portion of bread. Let every man remain in his place; let no man leave his place on the seventh day." 30 The people rested on the seventh day.
31 The House of Israel called it manna. It was like coriander seed, it was white, and it tasted like a cake fried in honey. 32 Moses said, "This is the thing that Hashem has commanded - A full omer of it shall be a safekeeping for your generations, so that they will see the food with which I fed you in the Wilderness when I took you out of Egypt." 33 Moses said to Aaron, "Take one jar and put a full omer of manna into it; place it before Hashem for a safekeeping for your generations." 34 As Hashem had commanded Moses, Aaron placed it before the Ark of Testimony for a safekeeping. 35 The Children of Israel ate the manna for forty years, until their arrival in an inhabited land; they ate the manna until their arrival at the border of the land of Canaan. 36 The omer is a tenth of an ephah.
1 The entire assembly of the Children of Israel journeyed from the Wilderness of Sin to their journeys, according to the word of Hashem. They encamped in Rephidim and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 The people contended with Moses and they said, "Give us water that we may drink!" Moses said to them, "Why do you contend with me? Why do you test Hashem?" 3 The people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moses, and it said, "Why is this that you have brought us up from Egypt to kill me and my children and my livestock through thirst?"
4 Moses cried out to Hashem, saying, "What shall I do for this people? A bit more and they will stone me !"
5 Hashem said to Moses, "Pass before the people and take with you some of the elders of Israel; and in your hand take your staff with which you struck the River, and go. 6 Behold! — I shall stand before you by the rock in Horeb; you shall strike the rock and water will come forth from it and the people will drink. Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 He called the place Massah U'Meribah, because of the contention of the Children of Israel and because of their test of Hashem, saying, "Is Hashem among us or not?"
8 Amalek came and battled Israel in Rephidim. 9 Moses said to Joshua, "Choose people for us and go do battle with Amalek; tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand. 10 Joshua did as Moses said to him, to do battle with Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and Hur ascended to the top of the hill. 11 It happened that when Moses raised his hand Israel was stronger, and when he lowered his hand Amalek was stronger. 12 Moses' hands grew heavy, so they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it, and Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on this side and one on that side, and he remained with his hands in faithful prayer until sunset. 13 Joshua weakened Amalek and its people with the sword's blade.
14 Hashem said to Moses, "Write this as a remembrance in the Book and recite it in the ears of Joshua, that I shall surely erase the memory of Amalek from under the heavens." 15 Moses built an altar and called it "Hashem is My Miracle"; 16 and he said, "For the hand is on the throne of God - Hashem maintains a war against Amalek, from generation to generation."